Reviewer for a Journal in Slovenia

June 21, 2016. Congratulations to our recent Cum Laude honors student Kenneth Okocha who in 2015, was appointed as a Reviewer for the Journal of International Relations and Development based in Slovenia. He would review scholarly papers before they are approved for publication. In addition, Mr. Okchoa has published, “International Organizations and Conflict Resolution: A Theoretical Framework,” in the American Open Political Science Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, January 2015. You can find it here: rekpub.com/American%20 Open%20Political%20Science% 20Journal/Current%20 Issue.php Kenneth Okchoa is completing a Doctorate program in International Relations at AIU with honors.

Graduated with Honors

July, 2016. These graduate students completed the majority of the requirements to obtain honors which included a 4.0 GPA, published works, recommendation from their advisor, patent a product, etc. Congratulations to both of them!


Elvira Mumy Arielle Celina
Master of Science
in Architecture
CUM LAUDE

Roshan Rathi
Doctor of Philosophy
in Strategy and Innovation
CUM LAUDE



MTC Global Annual Convention

July 12, 2016. The 6th MTC Global Annual Convention will be held on the 16th and 17th September in Bangalore, India. ASIC’s Chairman, Maurice Dimmock, is very pleased to be providing a keynote address to the convention delegates. The theme of this year’s convention will be Disruptive Innovation in Education, and will be looking at the role of traditional offline institutions in the 21st century, new forms of learning as an engine of economic growth, and entrepreneurship and start-ups. The convention has been organized by International School of Management Excellence & MTC Global in partnership with SANKALP 2016 and ASIC. Mr. Dimmock will also be presenting several awards at this event and is proud to be receiving an award on behalf of ASIC Global for International Accrediting Body of the Year. To find out more about this event please contact Prof. Bholanath Dutta at MTC Global: president@mtcglobal.org

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Workshop in Brussels



June 28, 2016. The International Centre for Reproductive Health has invited Dr. Alex Lucas to the DIFFER final workshop in Brussels, Belgium, on Tuesday September 27th and Wednesday September 28th 2016. The workshop’s topic is “Delivering HIV and sexual and reproductive health services to female sex workers. Lessons learned from South Africa, Mozambique, Kenya and India.” The key findings from the DIFFER project in each of the four countries will be presented and discussed. Dr. Alex Lucas is completing a Post-Doctorate program in Health Sciences at AIU



Graduation Ceremony

July 2016



Mohammad Gul Hamidi
Master of Science
Civil Enginee ring
Afghanistan
Tatiana Miguel Pinto da Silva
Bachelor of Business Administration
Acc ounting
Angola
Verri Magalí
Bachelor of Science
Psychology
Argentina
Ana Luisa Quintana
Bachelor of Psychology
Humanities
Argentina
Paulo Clezio dos Santos
Doctor of Philosophy
Theology
Brazil
César Abel Mayele
Doctor of Business Administration
Projec t Management
Burundi
Srey Mony
Doctor of Philosophy
Public Hea lth
Cambodia
Elvira Mumy Arielle Celina
Master of Science
Architecture
Cameroon
Guillermo S. Santibáñez González
Doctor of Science
Psychology
Chile
Manuel Antonio Morales Perez
Bachelor of Science
Civil Enginee ring
Chile
Eric Viana Buendia
Doctor of Science
Computer Science
Colombia
Luis Enrique Rubiano Quitián
Doctor of Science
Politica l Science
Colombia
Edison Duque Valencia
Doctor of Education
Educa tional Psychology
Colombia
Carlos Alberto Piedrahita Gutierrez
Doctor of Philosophy
Public Hea lth Management
Colombia
Hector Rangel Pardo Aguilar
Bachelor of Science
Mec hanica l Enginee ring
Colombia
Leidy Dahiana Berroa Mercedes
Doctor of Philosophy
Educa tional Science s
Dominican Republic
Maribel Moya Estevez
Bachelor of Psychology
Psychology
Dominican Republic
Ana Gricelda García Castro
Master of Human Resources
Human Resource s
Dominican Republic
Isaac Rachelle
Bachelor of Business Administration
Acc ounting
Dominican Republic
Manuel Antonio de la Cruz Fernandez
Doctor of Legal Studies
Legal Studies
Dominican Republic
Raquel Viviana Peguero Eusebio
Bachelor of Business Administration
Business Management
Dominican Republic
Sandra Lopez Gomez
Bachelor of Business Administration
International Business
Ecuador
Byron Leonardo Ortiz Pérez
Bachelor of Science
Elec trica l Enginee ring
Ecuador
José Wilfredo Agreda Coto
Bachelor of Science
Industrial Enginee ring
El Salvador
Hilario Tortosa Segura
Bachelor of Science
Public Hea lth
Equatorial Guinea
Ameyaw Yeboah James
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Management
Ghana
Lauriano Figueroa Del Cid
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Guatemala
Kabba Kamara
Bachelor of Science
Information Tec hnology
Guinea
Sylvester Donkoh
Doctor of Philosophy
Educa tional Science s
Ghana
Kyekyeku Oppong
Master of Business Administration
Projec t Management
Ghana
Maria Eugenia Sandoval Martinez
Doctor of Education
Higher Educa tion
Guatemala
Alba Lucia Loaiza Quinchia
Master of Legal Studies
Legal Studies
Holland
Patricia Ann Keal
Master of Arts
English Literature
Japan
Robert Hosea Osea Omuom
Doctor of Science
Projec t Management
Kenya
Alpha Amadou Bah
Doctor of Science
Projec t Management
Madagascar
Jofirisi Jofirisi
Bachelor of Science
Public Hea lth
Malawi
Julio A. Campos Fernandez de los R.
Bachelor of Science
Architec ture
Mexico
María del Pilar González Peñalver
Doctor of Science
Psychotherap y
Mexico
María Hilda García Avendaño
Bachelor of Science
Psychotherap y
Mexico
Bento Caetano Maculuva
Bachelor of Accounting
Business Management
Mozamb ique
Roshan Rathi
Doctor of Philosophy
Strategy and Innovation
Nepal
Agbeboaye, Emmanuel
Doctor of Philosophy
Management
Nigeria
Anne Chinonyenim Taiwo
Doctor of Philosophy
Public Hea lth
Nigeria
Alkali Alhaji Umar
Doctor of Science
Public Policy Analysis
Nigeria
Ogbonna Lucas Chigoziem
Master of Philosophy
Philosophy of Educa tion
Nigeria
Etuk Bassey Williams
Bachelor of Journalism
Communica tion Studies
Nigeria
Carlos Eugenio García Alcázar
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Peru
Edgar Virgilio Bedoya Justo
Doctor of Philosophy
Agronomic Enginee ring
Peru
Luis Enrique Jordán Teves Velazco
Bachelor of Science
Civil Enginee ring
Peru
Frederico Francisco Gamarra Vallejo
Bachelor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Peru
Silvia del Pilar Iglesias León
Doctor of Philosophy
Philosophy
Peru
Ana Edite de Andrade Teles Carreira
Master of Business Administration
Business Administration
Portugal
Julio G. Molina
Bachelor of Science
Systems Enginee ring
Spain
Fernando Salvador Porco
Bachelor of Science
Physica l Therap y
Spain
Mwangati Germain-A.Whenda-B. N’goli
Doctor of Philosophy
Communica tions
Thailand
Christopher Ebal
Doctor of Science
Projec t Management
Uganda
Dr. Nathan Karema
Doctor of Science
Hea lth Care Management
Uganda
Vicent Mwesige
Bachelor of Arts
Criminal Justice
Uganda
John J.B. Silvia, III
Doctor of Philosophy
Enginee ring Management
USA
Jose Ernesto Cruz
Bachelor of Theology
Theology
USA
Roland Christopher Smith
Master of Science
Elec trica l Enginee ring
USA
Kehinde Bamidele Orimolade
Doctor of Philosophy
Hea lth Care Administration
USA
Godfred Agbevanu
Doctor of Philosophy
Business Administration
USA
Mfula Mwansa Linus
Master of Science
Regional Development
Zambia

Dr. Kul Bhushan Sharma
Doctor of Science
Renewable Energy
Zambia

Geoffrey Collins Mwambu
Bachelor of Science
Elec trica l Enginee ring
Zambia
James Chipulu
Master of Science
Network Administration and Sec urity
Zambia
Lloyd Pararai Fende
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Lea dership and Management
Zimbabwe
Darling Ndlovu
Bachelor of Business Administration
Business Management
Zimbabwe

Cynthia Mery-Le-Bone Z. Chasokela
Doctor of Education
Educa tion
Zimbabwe
   

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Gallery: aiu.edu/Graduation/grids/currentgallery.html
Interviews: www.aiu.edu/Graduation/grids/interviews.html






Testimonial

Naheed Hussein
Master of Business Administration
May 20, 2016


“I joined the MBA programme at Atlantic International University in 2013. The University provided me an opportunity to structure my learning to my work. The added advantage of learning in AIU is pacing the study in accordance to your time to allow balance approach for work, personal commitment and studies. In this way, you are also able to manage the level of stress and pressure from emerging priorities. The admission process is very inclusive with the help of admission counsellor who would provide all the relevant documents and information required. It is a benefit that as a student we are given the opportunity to develop our own curriculum which can be easily targeted to the type of work we do. The interacting phase under this learning period is good supported by the Tutor. AIU recognises the work we do and wherever possible, those work documents can be assessed to recognise student’s contribution. AIU also provides opportunity to agree on terms of fees payment which reduces burden from students. It makes it much easier and hassle free to settle the tuition fee with a given period of time. AIU provides several links and documents to its library and publication which are available for research work. As a student, I found AIU’s learning approach more useful especially when linking to my work. It provided a balance outcome and more realistic objective of learning. As a student, I would not hesitate to recommend AIU to any of my colleagues.

Testimonial

Bernard Laryea
Bachelor of Science in Public Health
June 14, 2016

“My education at AIU began in 2012 as a distance student. Upon enrollment, I was provided with an admission counselor, a personal tutor and an advisor. These three persons have really been consistent in supporting me in my studies and other areas of my education which needed assistance. My personal tutor was always quick to provide feedback of all assignments that were given to me. He criticized me constructively when necessary and never failed to congratulate me when I performed well in any assignment. This encouraged me to perform better in my academics. Progress reports were also sent to me using all available means. I was provided with students ID number which gave me access to my student section. My academic counselor and advisor were also available to give all the necessary guidance in any area of my studies. Concerns that were emailed to my advisor were promptly addressed without delay. Even though I was a nonresident, I had opportunity to interact with other students and alumni around the world online and this gave me a lot of exposure and a sense of belonging to the institution. Generally, I have enjoyed studying at AIU and will not hesitate to introduce it to anybody seeking to attain academic advancement.

Testimonial

William N. Sendihe
Doctor of Education
June 24, 2016

“I hereby wish to wholeheartedly give praise and glory to the Almighty God who has mercifully enabled me to come to successful completion of my PhD studies at Atlantic International University (AIU). It is through His Mercy that I have been able to come to the end of such a long and costly academic journey. I am very grateful for the unique and constructive experience I have had with AIU. It is a good opportunity for me to thank all AIU Staff who were always ready and available to support me and encourage my academic progress. My studies have been very tough and intensive, but thanks to the continuous encouragements and facilitation from my respective Tutors and Advisors, I have been able to come to successful completion. Through this unique online program, I have learned to work intensively; under selfdiscipline, and with regular advice from my Tutors and Advisors, and this has turned my long-term dream into a reality: the dream of getting the Doctor’s Title. I will remain obliged to AIU in all my academic and professional activities.




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The Monroe doctrine

corollaries for Latin America
By Luis Narváez Ricaurte | PhD in Political Science

This exercise of the Monroe Doctrine through the Roosevelt Corollary, which in terms of time spanned from the late nineteenth century to the end of the Second World War (1945), is underpinned with the Truman Doctrine, which unfolds through the corollary of contention (Aracil, Oliver, & Segura, 1998, p.42); corollary3 which it was in force throughout the period of the Cold War, and even spread to the attacks on the Twin Towers at the World Trade Center in New York in September 2001. The scenario for this date was paradigmatic. The fall of the Berlin Wall had served as a milestone for a new world order arises: single-pole; and power of a nation to hegemonic consolidated: we were in front of the consolidation of the ‘American Pax’. In this context court – making one epistemological breaks “terrorism” as a new scenario that requires the US Head of State and Government, by then G. W. Bush, to recompose the axes of foreign policy and security, through a broad interpretation– in function of the new reality globally Monroe and Truman doctrine, asking what I have called corollary Bush, same as summarized in the US the right to intervene awarded by the force preemptively anywhere in the world where deemed or perceived national security is affected. This new conceptual approach or geopolitical corollary Bush, returns the value to the action of the external front and security (Günter Brauch, 2009, p.283), and in that exercise, surround way, involves all existing security structure and shipped to the international community, under a sine qua non for relations with the United States. The speech on Capitol Hill after ten days of the attack sat position on this phenomenon in Manichean terms, and immediate compliance and tax enforcement. (Bush, 2001) This new system of international relations had several effects, including the consolidation of the hegemonic structure of the US through the pre-eminence of single-pole (Narvaez Ricaurte, 2016, sent This exercise of the Monroe Doctrine through the Roosevelt Corollary, which in terms of time spanned from the late nineteenth century to the end of the Second World War (1945), is underpinned with the Truman Doctrine, which unfolds through the corollary of contention (Aracil, Oliver, & Segura, 1998, p.42); corollary3 which it was in force throughout the period of the Cold War, and even spread to the attacks on the Twin Towers at the World Trade Center in New York in September 2001.

The scenario for this date was paradigmatic. The fall of the Berlin Wall had served as a milestone for a new world order arises: single-pole; and power of a nation to hegemonic consolidated: we were in front of the consolidation of the ‘American Pax’. In this context court – making one epistemological breaks “terrorism” as a new scenario that requires the US Head of State and Government, by then G. W. Bush, to recompose the axes of foreign policy and security, through a broad interpretation– in to publish); survived scenario until 2014 when the unipolar scheme was questioned, formally, China and Russia through the Joint Declaration signed between the two countries on the International Order in 21st Century (May 2014); thus making visible a hidden reality that brewing came and went from being a subject of academic analysis to be approached from the fields of political decision. (Wilches, 2014) The Bush corollary, designed in the most orthodox terms of realpolitik, is forced to adapt following the meeting of these regional and global powers China and Russia; rehabilitation that comes from the hand of the current administration White House (Obamas corollary), which articulates a repeat of the good neighbor policy, by introducing certain changes in US foreign policy and redefine the actions and positions on the external front, but not completely keeping some distance from the guidelines were, once defined by the ‘hawks’4 from the White House, the State Department and the Pentagon. On this analysis it is illustrative in that respect by the Secretary-General of FLACSO, Dr. Adrian Bonilla, which allows us to understand the mentioned corollary, noting that for Americans while in Latin America a dramatic crisis that directly challenged him on their interests are not present vital, his presence will continue to be relatively indifferent (Bonilla, sf) –and I would narrow: it is this indifference, where we notice the permissibility and leeway currently gives us the US–. As can be seen, this doctrine and its corollaries are deeply linked to the theory of Manifest Destiny –understanding this as the intangible value that legitimizes all shares–, bringing the exercise of implementing their interests have effects that can be noticed in the consolidation space influence and interference; determining issues of international agenda; prioritization of security as an ideal; the continuity of the current system; consolidating its hegemony; including third and fourth level.

The approach with a view to understanding the processes, ordering, systematizing and insertion of the USA on the world stage, can’t and should be seen from the Manichean plane in search for an explanation of our situation –past and currently, but as a tool for formulate coherent policies to articulate the objectives in this chess game that is international relations.

In this logic, the hegemonic consolidation which is implicit in every American action — foreign policy has undergone significant changes since the mechanics of joint. Today we can see that this process is based on knowledge: science and technology, on par with the exercise of force, strengthens its presence under a subtle –in some cases– and others -in obvious social Darwinism. This implies the need to develop proactively –since the fields of science and technology create a space for greater political participation and freedom of action– that considering the existing board, can be introduced, in some cases, improve maneuverability on the stage; and in others, with a view to changing the logic of the game, but under the pragmatic and realistic vision of the game is chess; so, go with football shoes, does not guarantee us better chess players, chess players nor the other, leaving the board to enter a court. The End.



3: The containment policy was outlined by George F. Kennan, the document known as the Long Telegram, published in the journal Foreign Affairs (1947) under the title of X Article, which argued that the primary objective of the United States should be to prevent the spread of communism to non-communist nations; ie “contain” communism within its borders. The corollary of contention was the domino theory, and this corollary became the focus of national security policy of the United States, collected in the speech deliver by President Harry Truman to Congress on March 12th, 1947.

4: Nickname that were given to a group of people, trusted by Bush, responsible for the management of important topics, such as Iraq, such as Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld; Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice; Assistant Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz; Chief of Staff of Vice President of the United States, Lewis Libby; among others.




Bibliography. Aracil, R., Oliver, J., & Segura, A. (1998). El Mundo Actual, de la Segunda Guerra Mundial a nuestros días. Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona. | Bonilla, A. (s.f.). Nuevo Mandato de Obama y América Latina. Retreived from http://flacso.org/ secretaria-general/nuevo-mandato-obama-y-am-rica-latina | Borja Cevallos, R. (1998). Enciclopedia de la Política. Mexico: Fondo Económico de Cultura. | Bush, G. W. (21 de 9 de 2001). Discurso en el Capitolio. Retreived from http://www.filosofia. org/his/20010921.htm | Cestero, T. M. (1931). Estados Unidos y las Antillas. Compañía Ibero-americano de publicaciones. | Clare, H. (1965). Los Estados Unidos de América y el Congreso Anfitiónico de Panamá de 1826: bocetos biográficos de los plenipotenciarios de los Estados Unidos de América al Congreso de los nuevos estados americanos en Panamá y Tucubaya. El Mundo. | Günter Brauch, H. (2009). Seguritización del espacio y del objeto de referencia. México D.F.: UNAM. | Kasperson, R. E., & Mingh, J. V. (2011). The Structure of Political Geography. Aldine Transactions. | Narváez Ricaurte, L. (2015). Unidad, Solidaridad, Alianza, Integración y Cooperación: ideales progresivos. Revista AFESE N°62, 13-18. | Narváez Ricaurte, L. (2016). La polarización y el nuevo escenario internacional. AFESE, enviado a publicar. | Narváez Rivadeneira, L. (2007). Evangelio de un Peregrino. Santo Domingo: Quipus. | Selser, G. (2001). Cronología de las intervenciones extranjeras en América Latina (Vols. III (1899-1945)). México D.F.: UNAM. | Wilches, V. (5 de 2014). Cumbre Rusia-China: una simple cooperación o una alianza de futuro. Retreived from http://www.alainet.org/es/active/73949

Publications by Students: aiu.edu/StudentPublication.html






Luis Narváez Ricaurte is a graduate student from AIU with PhD in Political Science.

He has also got a Master in International Relations, and a Doctorate in Jurisprudence. He is a Lawyer, with a Degree in Public and Social Sciences. He’s been a Diplomat for Ecuador since November 1997.





When Architecture meets Isomorphism

Elvira Mumy Arielle Celina | Master of Science in Architecture | Part 1/3

Many people around the world are suffering from the climate changes due to the non respect of the whole ecological system. The need of taking into account the characteristics of environment when planning and acting in all the daily-life’ situations have become more and more important. Additionally, nowadays the protection of the environment is also one important need of humankind. In this perspective, many people are aware of the necessity to reduce the gap between human activities and the whole ecological system when even building or planning. Concerning the issue of harmony with the environment, more and more people around the world are interested in the problem of building or constructing houses in connection with the environment. Building techniques and of building construction materials suitable to the environment are used more often in many countries. Given the increasing human need of reducing the gap between human activities and the environment and given the increasing human need of improving the way of resolving the housing problem in the world, how can we introduce the principle of isomorphism so as to solve or to prevent such architectural problems? How can we define the principle of isomorphism in architecture? What are the main aspects of the principle of isomorphism in architecture? Referring to the problem situation to be solved, from which aspects of the principle of isomorphism in architecture, appropriate explanation and changes could be stated and realized in order to improve the situation? These are the questions examined in this piece of research.

A four part analysis
This work, whose main objective is to state the understanding and the extension of the principle of isomorphism in architecture from the analysis of the concept of isomorphism in some sciences, is made up of four parts. After the introduction, the theoretical framework, then the methodological aspects, later on, the results and finally the conclusion are presented.

Theoretical framework
The concept of isomorphism in some sciences The concept of isomorphism The definition of the notion of isomorphism has changed. In the past, the extension of the general notion of isomorphism was made up of many concepts such as: similarity (similitude) which implies making precise the accord between different branchs of a field of study or a discipline such as mathematics. Additionally, the link between isomorphism and structure was one of the characteristics of an isomorphism. It was admitted from research done in this domain that every structure carried within itself, a notion of isomorphism. Nowadays, and according to Timmermans (2012, p. 42), A homomorphism Ф A1→A2 is a mapping from A1 to A2 that preserves the structure relations in A1 (…); if a homomorphism Ф is one-to-one, onto and if its inverse mapping Ф-1: A2→A1 is also a homomorphism, then Ф is called an isomorphism. A homomorphism from A1 to itself is called an endomorphism. If this endomorphism is also an isomorphism, it is called an automorphism. In mathematics, the word derives from the Greek ‘iso’ which means «equal» and ‘morphosis’ meaning «to form» or «to shape». Isomorphism, in modern algebra according to William Hosch (2016), is a one-to-one correspondence (mapping) between 2 sets that preserve binary relationships between elements of the sets. Given that A&B are sets with elements an and bm, respectively. and indicate their respective binary operations, 2 vectors spaces V and W over the same field F are said to be isomorphic if there is a bijection T:V→ W which preserves addition and scalar multiplication, that is , for all vectors u and v in V, and all scalars c ∈ F, T(u+v) = T(u)+T(v) and T(cv) = cT(v) The correspondence T is then called an isomorphism of vector spaces. In Biology, the concept of isomorphism is related to similarity of form or structure between organism with independent ancestries; similarity in form, as in organisms of different ancestry; similarity of form, as in different generations of the same life cycle; similarity in the form or structure of organisms that belong to a different species or genus4.

In Chemistry Isomorphism is the existence of two or more substances that have the same crystal structure, so that they form solid solutions; a close similarity in the crystalline structure of two or more substances of similar chemical composition; the similarity in the crystal structures of similar chemical compounds; the existence of two or more different substances in the same crystal form and structure; an identity or close similarity in the crystalline form of substances usually containing different which operate on any 2 elements from a set and may be different. If there exists a mapping f such that f (aj ak) = f (aj ak) and its inverse mapping ∫-1 such that f-1 (br bs) = f-1 (br) f-1 (bs) Then the sets are said to be isomorphic and f and its inverse are isomorphisms.

• One-to-one correspondence between the elements of 2 or more sets such as those of Arabic and Roman numerals and between the sum or products of the elements of the one sets of these sets and those of the equivalents elements of the other set or sets.
• A one-to-one relation onto the map between the sets which preserves the relations existing between elements in its domain1.
• A one-to-one correspondence between 2 mathematical systems sets, etc that preserves the basic operations, as the correspondence between binary numbers and decimal numbers, each a set of real numbers2.
• A one-to-one correspondence between the elements of sets such that the result of an operation on elements of one set corresponds to the result of the analogous operation on their images in the other set.

According to Joyce (2015)3, elements but having similar composition. Then, an isomorphism in other words implies bijective correspondence between the elements of both groups and between the products of these elements. Apart from mathematics, the concept of isomorphism is studied and used in other scientific disciplines (chemistry, biology...). In these scientific fields, the word isomorphic is not conceived and cannot be taken in rigorous sense, but it frequently indicates only a great analogy, similarities, correspondence… Extension of relations in an isomorphism As far as the relations in isomorphism are concerned, if taking into consideration the following conception of strict extension as stated by Jayaprasad & Johnson (2012), a “relation set R* is said to be the strict extension of R , if R* contains all relations in R and at least one relation other than those in R which is not derivable from the relations in R. we denote R ϹR* when R* is a strict extension of R* ”, The figure below represented is a set of notions behind the concept of isomorphism in sciences.
To be continued




1 Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary (2016). Retrieved from: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/isomorphism 2 Merriam Webster (2014). Webster dictionary. Retrieved from: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ Isomorphism 3 Joyce, D. (2015) on the isomorphisms of vector spaces. 4 American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, fifth Edition (2016). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Retrieved from: http://www.thefreedictionary. com/isomorphism 5 Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers (2014). Retrieved from: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/isomorphism




Inalienable right to life, liberty and security

By Dr. Rosa Hilda Lora M. Advisor at AIU | rosa@aiu.edu

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations Organization (UN) in its Article 3rd says: “Everyone has the inalienable right to life, liberty and security for oneself”. Reading the article it seems to be short but if you analyze the topic it shows the greatness and value of human beings. We are living in a society with extraordinary growth of science and technology, in a society of large commercial alliances, in a society where if something happens in the farthest place on our Planet, we have the information immediately. This society suggests that it is a society where all human beings live with all their needs fulfilled and where every human being has every opportunity to do their life as they wish, so that they live satisfied with their accomplishments, therefore we can say they are happy. We think it is difficult to believe that with so much technology, so much communication, so much publicity and so many business relationships; every day there are more violations to the 3rd Article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

What happens with life? What is life worth nowadays? It seems that life is tied to economics for the way that organizations are working; it doesn’t matter what kind of organizations they are. If there is money involved the agreement will be in favor of the most powerful one. We see large commercial treaties, great alliances among the richest countries and how the relationships are with nations that have less financial resources than the other ones have. Moreover they mind about countries that have very important natural resources. History also shows us what life has meant. Think about the great human movements like the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution and the American Revolution. We are in a stage of social and economical development, entitled “Globalization”. This movement shows the social and economic scale, the centralization of wealth power and weaknesses of whom don’t have the same social organization. We are living a crisis of organizational production, education, communication and opportunities for everybody. We are witnesses of undeclared wars in the Middle East; different forms of organization in the West, both economical and social.

We are also witnesses of a great social discontent in the West with what must be the democratic form of social organization. There are a lot of extremist movements and human beings are seeking a space to make a living and we wonder where we could live in peace, where we could study, where we could work, where we could have a small space to live and how much we would have to pay for medical care. In this historical moment life seems to us that we would need to look for Diogenes’ lantern to find that special place. As parents, as teachers, we have a great responsibility: we must educate the youngest ones to find the way to be human beings who have the opportunities they deserve. We must educate them respecting the space of others no matter what country it is, what color of skin they have, what religion they believe in and what gender they are. We also need to teach them in the knowledge that the Earth is our home and if we don’t take care of it, the life that we have won’t be the same in the future.

Liberty and security are values that are part of life; without liberty we can’t accomplish our growth as human beings. Life of human beings must be linked to liberty and security. As human beings we can choose the development of our aptitudes we were born and with the skills we are acquiring. We need to look inwards, who we are, and outwards, what does society offer. We have to find the space we need to be: the man or woman we want to be. It is not easy because we are always manipulated by the media which makes us live in a society where human beings are just brain washed to buy everything they want. We live in a consumer society; we don’t think if we really need everything we buy, if we actually realized that everything we buy is not need we might not have to work so hard to pay for it. If we didn’t think people were worth by what they have we would have time to think about who we are as human beings and where we want to go, where we want to live satisfactorily. To study is not to be able to work; to study is to realize what life is, it is to know: who we are and what we should and can do with the most precious gift we are given, the opportunity to be. What will you do with your life? Where do you want to go? Have you thought about your opportunities?


BIBLIOGRAPHY. Loza Ramos, I. (2009). Ética y Valores 2. México: Et. Morin, E. y Anne-Brigitte Kern. (2005). Tierra- Patria. Barcelona: Kairós. United Nations official website. Retrieved from www.un.org/en/index.html . United Nations, Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved from www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/about-us/















Helping quiet kids


Being present and connecting doesn’t have to take place through lots of speech.

When Lily Shum was little, she dreaded speaking up in class. It wasn’t because she didn’t have anything interesting to say, or because she wasn’t paying attention or didn’t know the answer. She was just quiet. That’s why she joined more than 60 educators in New York City recently at the Quiet Summer Institute. The professional development workshop was based on Susan Cain’s best-seller Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking. The two-day course started with classroom engagement. Instead of talking, why not try drawing, writing or working in pairs? Or have students walk around the room, writing ideas on tacked-up pieces of paper. They can Being present and connecting doesn’t have to take place through lots of speech. Helping quiet kids respond to each other’s ideas —like a sort of silent dialogue. Corbin offered up this tip for handling students who dominate the discussion: W-A-I-T. Sure, it means wait. But, Corbin explains, it also stands for: “Why Am I Talking?” It’s not just about paying attention to quiet kids. Teachers need to think about why they’re quiet. Some kids might be quiet because they have been shut down. If teachers don’t start to look past the students with their hands up, they are going to miss out on a lot of brilliant ideas.

Read full text: www.npr.org/sections/ ed/2016/07/06/483272807/how-teachers-can-helpquiet- kids-tap-their-superpowers?utm_source=facebook. com&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=npr&utm_ term=nprnews&utm_content=20160706





Sober is the new drunk


Why millennials are ditching bar crawls for juice crawls.

On a Saturday afternoon in Manhattan, Rachel Floyd and her boyfriend Paul Isham take a shot of a dark yellow liquid called Mother F*#%in’ Fireball. “It kind of makes my leg hair follicles feel like they’re standing out,” says Isham, a 33-year-old audio visual technician. Floyd says “Oh man. I feel that right up here,” bringing her left hand over her head. The 26-year-old clinical psychology grad student is on her eighth shot of the day, but she could still pass a breathalyzer test. The Mother F*#%in’ Fireball is not the cinnamon whiskey teenagers steal from their parents around Christmas –it’s an orange-based drink with a spicy kick from a mix of cayenne, ginger and oregano oil. Floyd is on a juice crawl, a monthly event in which participants hop to three different shops and sample more than 19 flavors with names such as “Purple Rain” and “Dr Feelgood” from 2oz plastic cups. It’s just one of many booze-free activities that have popped up in major US cities to serve a growing number of young people who are ditching the hooch. This group is not full of recovering addicts, but rather people who value mindfulness, spandex and green juice. For those 35 and under, cutting back on booze no longer means social suicide. In addition, there are now sober day raves, alcohol-free bars, boozeless dinner and dance parties, and a sober social network that organizes group outings and launched a dating app so popular it has temporarily shut down.

Read full article: www.theguardian. com/society/2016/apr/21/ millennials-booze-free-events-juice-crawl-new-york


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