February 1, 2015. With over 1,200 attendees, AIU participated in the International Congress of Education Enesmapo 4. At said congress called Horizons of Excellence for Contemporary Pedagogy, the magesterial conference The Reflective Teacher in Professionalism and Workshop To Improve My Task in the Classroom were presented. We appreciate Professor Angelica, Dr. Cirilo, Dr. Dario and all organizers as well as participants for sharing this extraordinary academic, social and human success generated.


From: Mark Katsonga Phiri
Sent: January 28, 2015
To: AIU Magazine
Subject: Campus Mundi
My AIU Magazine I have browsed through your Campus Mundi Magazine and found it very enjoyable.
It was exciting to read about my former State President Joyce Banda who happens to be my childhood friend and who I contested with in the Presidential elections of Malawi last year.
Kind Regards

News from the AECT

The Association for Educational Communications and Technology is a professional association of thousands of educators and others whose activities are directed toward improving instruction through technology. The Association has become a major organization for those actively involved in the designing of instruction and a systematic approach to learning. Istanbul Symposium. Coming up May 27-29, 2015, in Istanbul, Turkey, is a not-tobe- missed conference opportunity: IRSEM (International Research Symposium on ELearning and New Media) and IETC (International Educational Technology Conference). Don’t miss this important gathering of scholars and educators from around the world. Shanghai Symposium. Plan to attend the AECT International Research Symposium, “Learning and Knowledge Analytics in Open Education,” June 17-19, 2015, in Shanghai, China. Sponsored by AECT and Indiana State University and hosted by East China Normal University.

Certificate Program Endorsement. Does your institution offer a specialized certificate program? AECT has a procedure for endorsing certificate programs. The AECT endorsement can validate designated programs and may provide a competitive advantage to the sponsoring institutions. For more information, contact AECT Executive Director Phil Harris.

Video Highlights. Were you unable to attend the 2014 AECT International Convention in Jacksonville, Florida, or did you miss some of the featured sessions? AECT recorded nine featured sessions, including the keynote by Johannes Cronjé. Now you can view them online.

Choose your division. If you have not yet done so, please join a Division of interest. Divisions help AECT members connect with others in their fields of endeavor. You may join one or more Divisions at no added cost as a benefit of your AECT membership. For more information on each item, please visit

A New Modern World

February 17, 2015. Following his recent article How We Can Alleviate The Global Poverty, our graduate Cheikh Mo Bachir Mbodj has published yet another article, titled A New Modern World through Draft 2 Digital publishing as an e-book which he developed through AIU. His work can be viewed here: Cheikh has completed a Doctorate program in Business Administration at Atlantic International University. We are very proud of his achievements, and we hope that he continues with this success, that is a byproduct of the effort and dedication that he has always shown.

Three new articles

January 27, 2015. Following his recent article ”New Media and a Democratic Society”, our graduate Felix Ale has published yet another 3 articles through Grin publishing as e-books which he developed through AIU. They are the following: Political Rhetoric and Media www. political-rhetoric-and-media Press And The Constitution: Implications of the Changing Media Laws in United States en/e-book/287134/ implications-of-thechanging- media-lawsin- united-states Science and Environmental Journalism 286909/science-andenvironmental- journalism Felix completed a Doctorate program in Journalism at AIU.

Process Analysis

Assignment: Develop a 5-10 page essay based on the guidelines below. Be sure to use MyAIU and its elements to compliment the article. Once you have your assignment ready, please submit it your student section or evaluation, and create a course named Process Analysis. Bibliography (include at end of essay): Anker, Susan. Real Essays with Readings with 2009 MLA Update: Writing Projects for College, Work, and Everyday Life. Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. etempl/fin/pdf/Real_Essays- Susan_Anker.pdf

This AIU assignment uses the book, Real Essays with Readings. The link to the book is given above. This book teaches how to write essays. You will read different parts of the book to understand how an essay is written. Then you will write a certain kind of essay. The kind of essay that this assignment asks for is the Process Analysis essay. First, read the following pages:

Chapter 1, pages 1 – 21. (Basics of writing & organizing your schedule) Chapter 2, pages 36 – 41. (Moving from reading to writing) Chapter 3, pages 48 – 52. (Understanding the structure of paragraphs & essays) Chapter 4, pages 62 – 73. (Developing your topic & prewriting techniques) Chapter 8, 110 – 124. (Writing a draft) o Chapter 21, 369 – 374. (List of works cited at the end of your essay, bibliography formats.) Then you will read Chapter 13 on the essay of Process Analysis. Then you will write the essay using the knowledge covered in the above readings. You can certainly read more chapters of the book. The book is a great reference for essay writing.

A Process Analysis essay describes how something happens. For example, the essay might explain how a specific meal is prepared, or how a flat tire on a car is fixed. But you will explain something more complex related to your major. If your major is Finance, you could describe the procedure of how to invest in bonds & stocks. If your major is Psychology, you could describe the protocol of counseling from the initial therapy session to the last session. If your major is Environment Science, you could describe how air becomes polluted. Each Process is described and analyzed in the essay. Of course, your essay will have a cover page, an introduction, and a conclusion. These are covered in the Chapter 8 reading. Remember also that essays are double-spaced for AIU. You will also prepare a proper bibliography at the end of your essay. The reading from Chapter 21 shows how to do bibliography for many different types of sources. Make sure that you include an internet source in your bibliography (see page 372) Also include a bibliography entry for an interview, which could be even a conversation with another person. An interview entry is easy as you will see on page 374. (There are examples of correct bibliography on page 379.) So read the pages noted above. Then choose a process related to your major. Then develop the essay to describe and analyze that process. Follow the Four Basics of Good Process Analysis on page 202. Use some common transitions on page 205. Then use the Writing Guide on pages 216 – 217 to help you. Check off the boxes as you complete each step of the essay. The best general topic for this type of essay is… How to Write an Essay. This assignment teaches you how to write an essay. Once you learn the process of writing an essay, essays become easy and fast. That is the goal of this assignment.

13TH Internatio nal Conference on Books, Publishing, and Libraries

Call For Papers. This Conference will be held 19-20 October 2015 at the University of British Columbia-Robson Square in Vancouver, Canada. 2015 Special Focus: The Event of the Book. How might the digital re-energize the event of the the book? The 2015 meeting will focus on this provocative subject. We welcome debate, discourse, and research from scholars and practitioners who engage these issues as well as other subjects related to discourse on books, publishing, and libraries.

The 2015 Book Conference coincides with the Vancouver Writers Festival.

Conference Themes
• Publishing Practices: Past, Present, and Future
• Reading, Writing, Literacy, and Learning
• Books and Libraries

Proposal Submissions and Deadlines
The current review period closing date for the latest round of submissions to the Call for Papers (a title and short abstract) is 3 March 2015*. Please visit our website for more information on submitting your proposal, future deadlines, and registering for the conference. If you are unable to attend the conference, you may still join the community and submit your article for peer review and possible publication, upload an online presentation, and enjoy subscriber access to The International Journal of The Book.

*Proposals are reviewed in rounds adhering to monthly deadlines. Check the website often to see the current review round.
Visit the website:

Graduation Ceremony

february 2015

Naseer Sardari
Master of Business and Economics
Ruben Dario Baena Peña
Doctor of Business Administration
Colomb ia
Ana Gabriela Quintero Gutiérrez
Bachelor of Science
Hussein Chiumbi Rashid
Master of Education
Eduardo Katemo Sawendo Mosso
Bachelor of Economics
Human Resources Management
Ruben Dario Baena Peña
Doctor of Business Administration
Colomb ia
Martha Olivia Trejo Romero
Bachelor of Arts
Helena R. de Jesus Queiros Pombares
Master of Architecture
Prisons Design
United Kingdom
Simão António André
Bachelor of Human Resources Management
Human Resources Management
Arcentales Caicedo Julio Cesar
Bachelor of Science
Miguel Perez Martinez
Master of Marketing
Bernhard J. Leiner
Doctor of Philosophy
Agricultural Engineering
Vera Ngu Epouse Sielatshom
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Peyroteo Teixeira
Bachelor of Science
Industrial Engineering
Felix Babatunde Abimbola Ale
Doctor of Science
Chibanda Ifwota Evans
Bachelor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Zamb ia
Fernando Alfredo Torres Cárdenas
Doctor of Science
Business Administration
Iván Francisco Alegría de León
Doctor of Philosophy
Public Health
Onasanya Fredrick Yomi
Doctor of Science
Inform ation Systems
Chibanda Ifwota Evans
Master of Business Administration
Strategic Management
José Rigoberto Ríos Yepes
Doctor of Science
Public Administration
Colomb ia
Marvin Roberto Urbina Funes
Bachelor of Finance
International Finance
Francisco Javier Torrijo Echarri
Bachelor of Science
Civil Engineering
Daniel Mudzengerere
Master of Science
Zimb abwe
Martha Cecilia Ruiz Nuñez
Bachelor of Business Administration
Administration and Finance
Colomb ia
Paulo Alvarez Araya
Master of Business Administration
Business Administration
Francisco Martín Rodríguez
Doctor of Crisis Management
Health Science
Erison H. S. Huruba
Doctor of Education
Educational Admin. and Policy Studies
Zimb abwe
Rafael Enrique Puyana Giraldo
Master of Science
Business Creation and Entrepr eneurship
Colomb ia
Samuel D. Slocum
Bachelor of Science
Inform ation Technology
Osman Ahmed Jama
Master of Business Administration


Aigul Kaldarbekovna
Master of Human Resources
February 17, 2015

“I want to start my experience letter with the famous words of V. I. Lenin “Learn, learn and learn”. They are true for all of us and in all times. All our life we need to strive to get more knowledge to keep up with time, otherwise we don’t respect ourselves. My job requires constant professional improvement, and that is why I had to search universities in Internet. When I found AIU, I liked it for its different approach to teaching and studying. Here I learnt about andragogy which at the beginning was a little not clear for me. But while creating my own curriculum, I evaluated it high because, unfortunately, my work takes much time and I need flexible timetable. Then I liked that everything concerning technologies is done to create convenient conditions for communication and working. For example, video presentations, library. The staff and faculty are very friendly and responsible that won my heart. I want to say warm words of thanks to everybody who helped me, for their patience and advice. And I recommend others to choose AIU for its quality and chance in getting excellent education.”


Kaoxiong Songzacheng
Master of Environmental
February 1, 2015

“Thank you so much all of my Advisors, Tutors at AIU and especially thank you Ms. Amalia Esquivel, admission counselor first one who contacted me and gave me the way to be part of AIU. My big dream was a Master Degree in Environmental Engineering and it has been achieved successfully at AIU, during one year and two months. When I started studying at AIU a half year could change my knowledge, skill and experience. I got a new job as an Environmental Compliance Section Leader position at the Xepian-Xenamnoy Hydroelectric Power Company Limited (PNPC) and could develop my life and my family better. I believe AIU is the best University of modern distance learning in the world, it can support education for students around the world. I am so pleased studying at AIU that I will soon start my PhD.”


Kialanda Nsidiovova
Master of Chemical
December 28, 2014

“I was seeking for an opportunity to continue my academic development and how to conciliate with my professional activities and area of study or research. I asked myself, what can I do to achieve this goal? The response to my problem appeared while surfing on the internet: “AIU online Campus”. I stopped by to fill out the form and I was contacted soon. I designed my curricula according my academic and professional development. There were times when I was ready to desist not for financial reason but, for not having enough time to dedicate to my school due to my new job position. The online learning system is a modern way to communicate and offered me a free way to work on my program. My life and professional experience deep-seat my academic degree at AIU and provided huge opportunity to achieve excellence in my career. I’m always committed to earn a higher degree and contribute to the development of my country, specifically in a process of educating, teaching the acquired knowledge and professional experience. In conclusion, AIU academic program has offered me a modern technology to reach my goal which eventually will boost up my career and my expertise in job activities. AIU is a school which has suitable graduates and without hesitation, I recommend it to everybody who’s seeking to have the same education.”


James Mutanekelwa Namonda
Master of Water Engineering
December 21, 2014

“My learning experience with AIU is one that I will never forget in my life and I will always cherish. This qualification that I have obtained from the university has opened a new chapter in my life. This indeed has been a life changing experience and it will always remain my pride and indeed the pride of my family especially my children. There were times when I was almost giving up but the tutors were always there for me encouraging me to go on. They gave me the strength to soldier on. I wish to extend my gratitude to some members of AIU, Dr. Franklin Valcin for his book “Curriculum and Course design.” This book gave me an insight and inspired me greatly as I developed my curriculum proposal for my courses. Leslie Garrido, the admission secretary for facilitating my entry into the university and the AIU family. Mr. Edward Lambert for giving me encouragement with my studies and finally Mr. Renata Silva for giving me guidelines on how best I should plan my studies. And because of these guidelines I was able to successfully achieve my goals.

I will always keep on encouraging my friends and some family members to study at AIU. And I believe they will greatly appreciate the experience I went through. I will mention here that andragogy still remains the best learning method that should be adopted by other learning institutions throughout the world. I was also very encouraged by the flexibility in the learning calendar. It was not as tight as other learning calendars. The methods of payments of tuition fees were also very friendly –the whole package was learner friendly at AIU. I whole heartedly wish to thank the entire management of AIU which includes tutors and advisors.

History of money

By Claude Dotse Kodzo Sokpor | Doctorate Degree in Finance
Full text:

The historical accounts of this paper on money are to show how step by step and age by age money came to be. These accounts will immensely borrow from Glyn Davies’ book ‘History of money’. Humanity has always looked far away for trading with each other. In the very old age, trade grew tremendously. According to Davies, the main way is change commodities with commodities. This type of exchange is called barter trade. Before going to the discussion of barter trade, let us see what is the dictionary definition of barter trade. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 7th edition defines it as follow in a verb form: ‘Barter is to exchange goods, property, services, etc. for other goods, etc. without using money: The local people bartered wheat for tools. The prisoners tried to barter with the guards for items like writing paper and books.’ Close review of the above dictionary definition and Davies book on History of money, barter trade is exchanging commodities with other commodities. Simply put, the nature made things in a way that it is difficult or hard for a person to possess everything that he/she wants or needs. In today’s world, even millionaires don’t have everything they want and need. In the ancient period, to resolve the issue of lack of omni possession of human beings, the society came up with barter trade. For example if I have a cow and I need salt and sugar, I can exchange my cow with someone who have them. This typically depicts barter system. This trade went on in primitive societies for a long period. But barter trade is still on in some societies around the globe. The barter has been used to sort out the issue of lack of omni possession of mankind. It has been social reasons rather than economic purpose. Meanwhile barter trade has the following disadvantages that made it to give birth to primitive forms of money. Glyn discussed drawbacks of the barter system which gave birth to money. • Difficulties of double coincidence of wants. One of the hiccups of the above system is that it is very difficult to have double coincidences of wants. For instance someone who has cows and needs salt will have to go around looking for the person with salt who may need cow meat at the same time. Most of the time it is not as easy. • Lack of common unit of value. Even if the cow person gets the salt person, the other difficulty is how to value a specific amount of cow with a specific amount of salt. There is no common unit of value among the commodities. • Lack of system for future payments or contractual payments. For instance the individual with a cow cannot tell the one with salt to pay later when collecting the salt. Both need the commodity at the point of double coincidence. Henceforth in barter system there is no possibility for future or contractual payments. • Lack of system for storage of value. Most often than not, people store their wealth in monetary economy in form of money. Contrary to barter system, it is not easy to store value of one commodity into another. Even if it is possible, storing wealth in terms of goods is subject to cost of storage, loss of value or even impossible for perishable goods. Storage of value is another cumbersome drawback of barter system. Glyn talked about the above disadvantages and referred to them: “disadvantages of barter provided an impetus for development of money”. Henceforth the need for commodities that have high value densities, easily portable, and of durability are to be set apart and eventually used as money. The disadvantages called for the emergence of money which started with the primitive forms of money will be discussed in the next paragraph.

Primitive forms of money

Glyn said that due to the disadvantages of barter system and in order to improve the form of early barter, few commodities, one or two (with some specific characteristics such high value, easily portable with high durability) in preference to others have been chosen to act as single medium of exchange. At this stage, they have not been called as money but the author referred to them as primitive forms of money. Davies gave an alphabetical list of primitive money which have been used at different times in different places in the history of the world; below is the list. “Amber, beads, cowries, drums, eggs, feathers, gongs, hoes, ivory, jade, kettles, leather, mats, nails, oxen, pigs, quart, rice, salt, thimbles, umiacs, vodka, wampum, yarns, and zappozats (decorated axes).” These above commodities have served as medium of exchange and managed to rule out the disadvantages of barter trade. From these primitive forms of money, mankind continued to search for ways and technology to improve and resolve the puzzle of a single medium of exchange that can meet all the functions of the modern money. In his book Economics, Lipsey says that: “All sorts of commodities have been used as money at one time or another, but gold and silver proved to have great advantages. They were precious because their supplies were relatively limited, and they were in constant demand by the wealthy for ornament and decoration. Hence these metals tended to have high and stable prices. Further, they were easily recognised, they were divisible into extremely small units, and they did not easily wear out. Thus precious metals came to circulate as money and to be used in many transactions.” These metals were used as medium of exchange. Lipsey discussed that in every transaction, it was important to carry the metal in bulk. At any purchase the required quantity of metal was carefully weighed on a scale. This gave birth to coin in order to eliminate the need to weigh at every point of transaction the bulk carried metals.

The invention of coins

In his book Glyn said that coins have been invented and carried by monarch authority. This authority was that monarch made the coins and affix his or her seal henceforth guaranteeing the amount of precious metal the coin contained. This has easy trade and traders gotten a big relief for they know, recognise and accept the coin at its face value which is nothing more than a statement mostly the monarch seal that a certain amount of metal was contained therein. According to Lipsey, the monarch coins were easily subject to counterfeit which is done by his or her subjects by minting the metal and supplying low value coin with low intrinsic worth and henceforth not convenient for expensive purchase. In his book, Glyn said that the first coins have been minted some time in 640-630 BC and its usage spread quickly to Ionia, mainland Greece, and Persia. Tt is of important value to mention the consequences of fraudulent minting of the coins by the monarch subjects. The subjects take the original coins then remint them into new coins with lower metallic value. This exercise has been referred to by Lipsey as debasing of coinage by rulers who in turn use it to pay their bill henceforth leading to the increase in the commodity price. This issue brought in Gresham’s Law which is named after Sir Thomas Gresham (1519- 1579), an adviser to the Queen Elizabeth court. He stated that “bad money drives out good.” The idea behind Gresham statement was that debased coins have been minted with low amount of gold while the original coins have higher amount of gold. The debasement was that monarch subjects remint the coins by reducing the gold value. When Queen Elizabeth I came to power in the middle of the sixteenth century the coinage has been severely debased and new coins have been minted with their full face value in gold. The new coins were fed into circulation but disappeared in the next few days. Gresham came up with this law and proved helpful in explaining the experience of a number of modern high inflation economies today. Briefly put it, coins with high amount of gold are easily debased in order to keep part of the gold quantity and putting a tiny value of it henceforth altering the face value. Therefore more debased coins are needed to purchase a commodity. As today during inflation more unit of money is needed to purchase the same amount of commodity. This shows the intrinsic high value of precious metal in the process of the birth and the value of money; value which is correlated to paper money and the quantity of gold kept in the goldsmith’s safe.

Paper money and early emerging of banking

The birth of money started with useful and precious natural commodities, then to coinage minted by precious metals such as gold and silver. Gold has been the measure of value of the minted coins. Above all the paper money has its origin linked to gold standard. Lipsey in his book Economics page 580-581 gives a very clear historical account of paper money. The story of the birth of paper started with the goldsmith who stores ounces of gold in his safe. He uses safe to store the precious metal for safety reason. In the process people started keeping their gold with the goldsmith’s safe. Upon the deposit of an amount of gold, he will issue a receipt containing the amount of ounces of gold deposited. At the very period gold is used for purchasing and paying debts. Any time someone wanted to pay for a good or services, he/ she will go to the goldsmith and get the amount needed by presenting his/her receipt. In the process there was better revelation to people that if actually one does not need the gold at the selling of a commodity, instead of taking to the goldsmith for keeping, the buyer rather issue part of the goldsmith receipt on the amount of ounce of gold needed for the transaction. In the process people started having confidence in the goldsmiths. Lipsey put it very well and I quote “If the seller wished to buy a good from a third party, who also knew the goldsmith to be reliable, this transaction could also be effected by passing the goldsmith’s receipt from the buyer to the seller. The convenience of using pieces of paper instead of gold should be obvious.” On the above note, the pieces of paper have been very common in transacting businesses. It has become a promise to pay a specific amount of gold on demand. Lipsey continues, “… the promise was made by goldsmiths and later by banks.” According to Lipsey, in the nineteenth century, paper money which is backed by precious metal, was issued by private banks and was called bank notes nominally convertible into gold (fractional backed money). During this time each bank issues its own money and various paper moneys issued by them circulated side by side and all backed with the amount of gold. Later on, goldsmiths and banks discovered that for every ounce circulating as paper money can be used solely for various transactions of any kinds without any need for the desire of converting them into gold. For that reason the banks were able to issue paper money more than redeemable in gold. This led to some banks to honour their pledges prompting them into considering their note as mere paper that is useless then prompting them to be ruined with panic from their customers and henceforth suddenly run on their gold reserves. Sorting out this situation gave raise to fiat money.

Selective intuition in the face of fact overwhelm

By Dr. Rosa Hilda Lora M. / Advisor at Atlantic International University

We feel overwhelmed by everything that we have or should read and we don’t realize that we are part of those who are privileged under the current organization of human beings of belonging to the knowledge society, the globalized world and globalization culture. Bindé says: “A world in which less than 10% of human beings have access to new sources of knowledge and 90% is excluded, is a structurally precarious world”. Bindé (2006, p. 143). We are in the knowledge society, globalization of trade and the globalization of culture. The knowledge society are the changes that digital technology has resulted in the creation, development and application of knowledge; those are the languages we use to transmit it, the organization by levels of abstraction, much to handle and means to spread it. Toffler and Toffler (2006). This is necessary to develop a society that globalizes the economy because it needs the means to create more needs and to expand production. Global society or global marketing is the digitization of the economy. Opalin Chimielniska (2008). Cultural globalization is part of trade globalization or globalization: it involves technical, market, tourism and information, leaving out human rights, freedoms, culture in the anthropological sense and democracy, which belong to universality. Bindé (2006). The word culture was invented by Cicero with a humanistic sense, considering the philosophy as the culture of the soul; the second meaning is German and comes from Kant who used it as a process that is acquired in a society and in anthropological sense; and the third as a commodity since cultural objects referred to humans become marketed. Bindé (2006). What is globalized are the objects produced by humans with the aim of making overall culture in the anthropological sense, to generate trading needs to include all human beings to develop market globalization.

As we belong to the knowledge society we have not questioned the way we look for the same; if we apply the same techniques with which it occurs now or if we keep what we call capitalist model of the industrial society. First we have to make the difference between data, information and knowledge. Data corresponds to elements lacking the foundation of its elements; information is explanation without theoretical justification and knowledge is grounded and tested explanation with different forms of existing methods in science. From this we can infer that if we need knowledge what we have to do is: differentiate knowledge from data and information; identify those who are working in knowledge of both our area and akin and generate transdiscipline, and know the scientific work of the other science areas. We have to apply the storage of this knowledge society: digitally store with identifiable files. We also need to learn to use the Web: search for universities that have research dissemination of their teachers, look for who are their researchers who seek areas of science we need, and also who are part of other sciences, as being in the research world. If we need to write, what we have to learn is how to manage in the digital world: choose sources, either printed books or journals or e-books; search the index of these works; see the articles we need reviewing and as we review them, develop the quotations immediately and digitally; so we do this with works of the best in the area of knowledge we need. After writing all our references and along with them the bibliographic record, begin document structure by establishing the growing complexity of everything worked, references, and finally give the appropriate explanation reference by reference to generate the report or document we want.

Next: generate introduction and conclusion and give a reading to the finished product to check correct writing. We must also get used to mark the parts that are of interest when we read a scientific paper, because when we have to do a job we will have important points according to our world needs and thought. With the technique described we save working long because we tend to read the full sources, which are often worked with a different goal than ours; reread to see what we need and finish the job and then develop the bibliography. If we read something scientific we don’t mark what we think of our interest and when we do a job we have to read again. Along with our use of knowledge, whose advantage is it is not wasted as others use it, we have to think that only 10% of the world population has that gift, knowledge, and we must produce according to generate a fairer society where more people have this opportunity and benefit.

Bibliograph y. Bindé, J. (2006). ¿Hacia dónde van los valores? Coloquios del siglo XXI. México: F.C.E. Opalín Chmielniska, L. (2008). ¿Globalización de la Crisis o Crisis de la globalización? México: Porrúa. Toffler, A. y H. Toffler. (2006). La Revolución de la Riqueza. México: Random House Mondadori.

Move and learn

The Centers for Disease Control tells us that in recent years there has been a jump in the percentage of young people diagnosed with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, commonly known as ADHD: 7.8% in 2003 to 9.5% in 2007 and to 11% in 2011. The reasons for the rise are multiple, and include changes in diagnostic criteria, medication treatment and more awareness of the condition.

Angela Hanscom, a pediatric occupational therapist and the founder of TimberNook, a nature-based development program designed to foster creativity and independent play outdoors in New England, suggests yet another reason more children are being diagnosed with ADHD, whether or not they really have it: the amount of time kids are forced to sit while they are in school. Children are constantly in an upright position these days. It is rare to find children rolling down hills, climbing trees, and spinning in circles just for fun. Merry-go-rounds and teeter-totters are a thing of the past. Recess times have shortened due to increasing educational demands, and children rarely play outdoors due to parental fears, liability issues, and the hectic schedules of modern-day society. Lets face it: Children are not nearly moving enough, and it is really starting to become a problem. Read more at: TimberNook blog

New bookstore

Cărtureşti Carusel, also called “The Carousel of Light”, is a monumental XIX century edifice that was transformed into a wonderful architectural jewel.

It is located at the very heart of Bucharest, on a long vibrant street, in an area with coffee shops and pubs. Surrounded by bohemian, traditional and luxury clothing stores, this bookstore will surely blend in with its innovative and elegant style.

The bookstore has 6 floors, where you can find over 10,000 books, 5,000 albums and DVDs. There is a bistro on the top floor, a multimedia space in the basement and a gallery dedicated to modern art on the first floor.

This space will also host numerous cultural events and concerts. Source: