Thesis defence

FEBRUARY 24, 2022. Atlantic International University is delighted to share the Thesis Defense of one of our students, Sylvia Chibuike, from Nigeria, which was graded with an A. The thesis was titled, “Assessment of the impacts of Covid-19 lockdown on sexual violence against the adolescent children to accelerate prevention and speak-out culture in Nigeria.” Abstract: The study on the assessment of the impacts of COVID-19 lockdown on sexual violence against the adolescent children to accelerate prevention and speak-out culture in Ondo State was conducted to document 1) the prevalence rate of all forms of sexual harassment against the adolescent children during the year 2020 COVID-19 lockdown exercise, 2) identify barriers against speaking-out and seeking for justice, 3) demystify who the perpetrators are to the survivors, 4) evaluate the actions taken by the survivors; and 5) evaluate the outcomes of the actions taken. Data collection methods used in the study were mixed methods which involved faceto- face interviews to ascertain responses from the service providers, Focused Group Discussion, and structured questionnaires administered to 291 secondary school students selected from six different schools to establish responses from participants. Information collected from these instruments was collated and analyzed with a table, simple percentage, mean score, and charts. The results showed that there is an information gap, as most of the respondents are not informed about their Rights to justice as per actions to take and the authorities to report to when sexually harassed, hence low speak out rate and high rate of unreported cases. Sylvia Chibuike completed a Doctorate Program in Gender and Development Studies at Atlantic International University.

Participation in Conference

FEBRUARY 22, 2022. The Review Committee for the Twentythird International Conference on Knowledge, Culture, and Change in Organizations, has accepted Dr. Siva Mahendran to participate in an international conference hosted by the University of Auckland, New Zealand. His presentation proposal “Coaching And Mentoring For Workplace Learning” was approved. The conference will be held on Jan 19, 2023 – Jan 20, 2023 at The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. The annual conference is an integral component of the Organization Studies Research Network. Founded in 1993, Organization Studies Research Network comes together around a common concern for, and a shared interest to explore, new possibilities in knowledge, culture and change management, within the broader context of the nature and future of organizations and their impact on modern society. You can find regularly updated information about the conference on their website: https://organization-studies. com/2023-conference

Thesis defense

MARCH 3, 2022. AIU is delighted to share the Thesis Defense of one of our students, Irene Ansah, from New York, USA, which was graded with an A. Irene is aiming at becoming a licensed clinical psychologist who will be providing services to all age groups across the world. She also plans to use the knowledge and experience gained in her program to further human rights and the 17 Goals for a Sustainable World by the United Nations by providing services through diagnoses, treatment, and interventions to resolve mental health issues in communities in several countries including African. This will improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth. Abstract: This comprehensive paper is the integration of all that this writer have learned in her past education and life experience. The final thesis offers a unique and innovative benefit to the cultural and intellectual heritage of humankind. It entails several cases reports, therapeutic interventions and identification and description of theories that influence ... Irene Ansah completed a Doctorate Program in Clinical Psychology at Atlantic International University.

Graduated with Honors

MARCH, 2022. These graduate students completed the majority of the requirements to obtain honors, which included a 4.0 GPA, published works, recommendation from their respective advisors, patent a product, etc. Congratulations!

María José Fernández Bruno
Bachelor of Psychology

Seramuka Ildephonse
Doctor of Healthcare Administration
Healthcare Administration

Graduated with Distinction

MARCH, 2022. These graduate students completed their program with a high cumulative grade point average, which reflects the quality of performance within their respective major. Congratulations!

David Bermudez Rosado
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration

Seramuka Ildephonse
Doctor of Healthcare Administration
Healthcare Administration

Ibrahim Abdulai Sawaneh
Doctor of Science Computer Science

FIRST INTERNATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY SYMPOSIUM Reengineering, Innovation & Educational Industry

Knowledge areas
1. Educational and business multidisciplinary internationalization network.
2. Innovation and educational development.
3. Entrepreneurship of new educational technologies.
4. Educational and social reengineering.
5. Education and awareness of a culture of peace.

May 3 – 8, 2022
Ixtapa, Zihuatanejo, México. Duration: 6 days. Modality: face-to-face. General registration: 1000 mex pesos / 50 usd Student registration: 350 mex pesos / 17.50 usd The cost of registration is a small recovery fee More information Tel. 521 55 8254•4028 Dr. Gloria Hekker spumudaamerica@gmail.com Facebook: Spmuda América
Education is the priority of a nation


MARCH 7, 2022. On November 30, 2021, Dr. Julius Kwaku Kattah, an alumni of Atlantic International University has passed through various courses of the Institute of Chartered Economist-ICEG (Ghana) and subsequently awarded as Fellow, Chartered Economist in Accra-Ghana. Important words from Dr. Julius Kwaku Kattah: “This award goes a long way to reflect the good work done by AIU throughout my studies with AIU Hawaii-USA. I am dedicating the all important Award to the family of AIU and would like it to be published for the encouragement of all who are pursuing various courses in AIU.” Dr. Julius Kwaku Kattah completed a Doctorate program in International Economics at AIU.

Vishal Vitthal Pawar
Doctor of Philosop hy
Computer Science
Sonal Vishal Pawar
Doctor of Philosop hy
Business Management
Stephany Garcia Montoya
Bachelor of Science
Segundo Juan Zamudio Benavides
Bachelor of Science
Civil Engineering
Hernando Vargas Uricoechea
Doctor of Art History
Art in Renaissance
Amilcar Demetrio Carrasco Rodriguez
Master of Information Technology
Dominican Republic
Carlos Alberto Adams Marcial
Bachelor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Dominican Republic
María del Carmen Reyes Leocadio
Doctor of Education
Dominican Republic
Edwin de Jesús Joaquín Núñez
Bachelor of Marketing
Inbo und and Outbo und Marketing
Dominican Republic
Joel Antonio Quintana Abreu
Bachelor of Accounting
Dominican Republic
Andrea Gallegos Vilema
Bachelor of International Business
Business Administration
Wilfredo Castaneda Salinas
Doctor of Education
El Salvador
Nathaniel Ebo Nsarko
Doctor of Develop ment Communication
Development Communication
Enoch Relwende
Bachelor of Arts
Michael Asamoah Arthur
Certificate of Science
Mechanical Engineering
Silvia Frinee Lima Gudiel
Bachelor of Science
Raúl Edgardo Torres Durán
Bachelor of Science
Laurence Norman Neufville
Doctor of Science
Geoinformation Technology
Ricardo Alexander Baccas
Doctor of Philosop hy
Vinnett Malcolm
Doctor of Business Management
Business Management
Brigitte Katshiete Mbuisi Eale
Doctor of Science
Maternal and Child Health
David Gachunga Mwangi
Bachelor of Management
Procurement & Logistic Supply Chain Mgmt
Roland Habet
Doctor of Education
Leba non
George Stivie Kenneth Willow
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Oscar Anguiano Castro
Doctor of Science
Gerard Atabong Fossung
Doctor of Philosop hy
Computer Engineering
Adenuga Adeleke Francis
Doctor of Education
Abdulrazak Adeshola Yusuf
Doctor of Philosop hy
Mohammed Adamu
Doctor of Philosop hy
John-George Okwudiafor
Master of Economics
Transport Economics
Marwan Haruna Abdulkarim
Doctor of Philosop hy
Environmental Sustainability
Marcos Tulio Londoño Alvarez
Doctor of Private Legal Studies
Civil Legal Studies
Necitas C. Lojo
Doctor of Science
Philipp ines
David Bermudez Rosado
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Puerto Rico
Mydna I. Quiles López
Bachelor of Science
Puerto Rico
Seramuka Ildephonse
Doctor of Healthcare Administration
Healthcare Administration
Ibrahim Abdulai Sawaneh
Doctor of Science
Computer Science
Sierra Leone
Sarah Lindy Maluleke
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration
South Africa
Bin Wang
Bachelor of Education
South Korea
María José Fernández Bruno
Bachelor of Psychology
Spa in
Sibusiso William Maseko
Bachelor of Education
Design and Technology
Mélida R. Chavarría R.
Bachelor of Science
Psychological Counseling
Afadhali Taibu Afadhali
Master of Finance
Sevda Yapici
Bachelor of Arts
Business Administration
Cemile Aslı Üstünkaya
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Fatih Şahin
Bachelor of Science
Mechanical Engineering
Perette Arisnord
Bachelor of Arts
Social Work
Turks and Caicos
Byaruhanga Stephen Rwaheru
Doctor of Science
Sustainable Energy Engineering
Bladimir Alcivar Reinoso Chipantiza
Doctor of Arts
Human Rights
Fongyi Lordson Muno
Bachelor of Science
Computer Engineering
Tanechia Anderson
Bachelor of Management
Stéphania Noël
Master of Social Work
Social Work
Sikandar Ali Malik
Doctor of Philosop hy
Chemical Engineering
Victor Oluwole Omosule
Doctor of Business Administration
Healthcare Management
Kimberly Esthela Wood Salazar
Bachelor of Science

Find More Graduates

Gallery: aiu.edu/Graduation/grids/currentgallery.html
Interviews: www.aiu.edu/Graduation/grids/interviews.html
This month we have graduates from: Canada · China · Colombia · Dominican Republic · Ecuador · El Salvador · Ghana · Guatemala · Honduras · Jamaica · Kenya · Lebanon · Malawi · Mexico · Netherlands Nigeria · Panama · Philippines · Puerto Rico · Rwanda · Sierra Leone · South Africa · South Korea · Spain · Swaziland · Switzerland · Tanzania · Türkiye · Turks & Caicos · Uganda · USA



Mercy Eberechukwu Opara
Doctor of Education
December 16, 2021
“My knowledge about AIU online university was on my usual way of navigating in the internet. Since I just retired and my days were becoming somehow boring to me despite some social and religious activities. ... That faithful evening ... when I saw AIU’s advertisement, I pondered in my spirit and felt that it could be an opportunity. I jokingly clicked on application option and provided my name, email and phone number as requested. Instantly, I got a call from Dr. Jaime Rotlewicz who asked me of my interest to study with AIU. I confirmed with some reservations because of the cost considering Nigeria devaluated currency. Another thought was like, you have retired but why do you want to go through this stress again. Even my husband and some of my children expressed same concern. But I am conscious of what we call “CONSUMATION” in education. That education is a virtue in life and not just for monetary gains. It is part of life and has no age barrier but rather, it makes one mentally active and more relevant in his or her society. It limits one’s ... READ FULL TEXT: https://www.aiu.edu/Testimonialdetail.html?It emID=1787&rcid=73&pcid=63&cid=73

Stella Erebor
Doctor of Business Administration
December 23, 2021

“My studies at AIU have helped me better understand myself and my potential to positively influence my organization, community, and world. All the courses I undertook at AIU were current, relevant, and applicable to my contribution to work, home, and community. The relevance and applicability of the courses acted as a strong motivation for my dedication to the studies. It was a win on all sides situation for me. At AIU, my first subject of study was an elective on Self Esteem and Human relationship. I chose this course because I needed to deepen my knowledge of the topic. An in-depth understanding of the concept of self-esteem is also necessary for my pursuit to promote Child Online Protection (COP). My studies at AIU on self-esteem have deepened my understanding of Child online behavior. Many studies suggest the relationship between self-esteem online behavior. Bergagna and Tartaglia, 2018 suggest individuals with lower self-esteem spend more time on social media and have a higher tendency of social comparison. ... READ FULL TEXT: https://www.aiu.edu/Testimonialdetail.html?It emID=1788&rcid=73&pcid=63&cid=73

Bernard Cyril Percy Kallee
Bachelor of Business Administration
January 24, 2022

“When I was 49 (2019), I became an AIU student. I was studying for a Bachelor’s in Business Administration. It was the best thing I’ve ever done. I learned a new way to teach, which is based on three elements: innovation, enterprise, global citizenship, and sustainable futures. It was a huge accomplishment to get my degree. I had previously been studying at the University of South Africa in the same course. However, due to personal reasons and a lack of motivation, my studies were cancelled. AIU reviewed my previous modules that I have completed and granted some exemptions. This was extremely important because they didn’t ask me to start over. The course was very enjoyable and I learned a lot about customer service administration. AIU allowed me to develop my curriculum from a customer service perspective. It is very helpful in keeping me focused on what I needed to improve my knowledge. Although the course can be challenging and difficult, my tutors are always available to answer any questions via phone or email if ... READ FULL TEXT: https://www.aiu.edu/Testimonialdetail.html?It emID=1791&rcid=73&pcid=63&cid=73

Stephen Gowon John-Oti
Doctor of Forensic Accounting
January 27, 2022

“My fascination with Forensic Accounting is borne out of the pervasive preponderance of fraud, corruption, crimes, sleaze and shortchanging in my country, Nigeria and, of course, the underdeveloped countries of the world. Desirous of improving the lot of the citizens and society in general, humongous sums of money are annually earmarked by Governments and Funding Agencies (local and International) to address the parlous and decrepit state of infrastructure, healthcare, education and other social services. These sums are frittered away through sundry illicit practices with no trace. This is the bane of the development and civilization in these societies. I expect to contribute by assisting Governments and agencies desirous of meaningful development for the communities in fostering schemes to prevent such wanton and unchecked misapplication of funds meant for development. Armed with a Doctorate degree in Forensic Accounting, I would be in a stead to set up strategic engagement with Government and ... READ FULL TEXT: https://www.aiu.edu/Testimonialdetail.html?It emID=1793&rcid=73&pcid=63&cid=73

Managerial economics

Dr. Chuba Henry Okeke | Academic Advisor

Introduction Managerial Economics is not only valuable to managers of the Fortune 500 companies but it is also valuable to managers of non-for-profits organizations. Managerial economics is valuable to a manager of a food bank who must choose the best means to distribute food to the needy. It is also valuable to a coordinator of a shelter for the homeless whose primary goal is to help the highest possible number of the homeless given a very limited budget. Managerial economics provides important insights into every area of the business and nonbusiness world we live in, including household decision-making.

Manager. A manager is an individual who directs resources to achieve a given goal. A manager can be an individual who directs the efforts of other individuals including those who delegate/assign tasks within a firm, family or a club. A manager is also an individual who purchase inputs to be used in the manufacturing of the outputs (goods and services). A manager can also be seen as an individual that is in charge of making other decisions like product quality and price.

Economics. Economics is the science of making decisions in the presence of scarce resources (anything used to produce goods and services). Decisions are very important because scarcity implies that by making one choice, you give up on another choice(s). Economic decisions involve the allocation of the scarce resources and it is the role of the manager to allocate the scarce resources so as to meet the manager’s goal.

Managerial Economics. It is the study of how to direct the scarce resources in the manner that most efficiently achieves the managerial goal. Managerial economics is a broad field as it describes the methods that are useful for directing everything from the resources of a household to maximize a household welfare, to the resources of a company to maximize the company profits. The key in making good decisions is to know what information that is needed to make an informed decision and to collect and process the data for the information. Managerial economics is a branch of economics involving the application of economic methods in the managerial decision-making process. Managerial economics aims to provide a framework for decision making which are directed to maximize the profits and outcomes of a company. —Wikipedia

Effective management in Managerial Economics Effective management must have the following principles: 1. Identify the goals and the constraints. In making sound decisions, the first step is to have a well-defined goal because achieving a different goal entails making different decisions. For example, when the goal of a food bank is to distribute food to the needy people in urban areas, its decision and optimal distribution network will be different from its decision and the optimal distribution network it will use to distribute food to the needy inner-city residents.

Constraints are an artifact of scarcity and constraints make it very difficult for a manager to achieve goals such as maximizing of profits or increasing the firm’s market share. Constraints include the available technology and the price of the inputs used in manufacturing. 2. Recognize the nature and Importance of profits. Maximizing profits or the firm’s value is the overall goal of majority of firms. Profits can either be Accounting profits (which are the sum total amount of money taken in from sales that is total revenue) and Economic profits (the difference between the total revenue and the total opportunity cost of manufacturing the firm’s good or services). The opportunity cost of using a resources include both the accounting/ explicit cost of that resource and the implicit cost of giving up the best alternative. The opportunity cost of manufacturing a good or service is generally high the accounting cost. 3. Understand incentives. Incentives affect how the resources are used and how hard workers work. The changes in the profits provide an incentive to resource holders to alter their use of the resources. To distinguish between the world business envrionment as it is and the way you wish it were is the first step in constructive incentives.

4. Understand markets. There are the two sides to every transaction in a market in that for every buyer of goods, there is a corresponding seller. The ability of a manager in a firm to meet performance objectives will depend on the extent to which the company product is affected by these sources of rivalry. Consumer–producer rivalry, which occurs because of the competing interest of consumers and the produces, consumers made attempt to locate/negotiate low prices while producers make attempt to negotiate high prices; consumer rivalry which arises because of the economic doctrine of scarcity, it reduces the negotiating power of the consumers in the market place; producer– producer rivalry, which occurs when the multiple sellers of a product compete in the marketplace. 5. Recognize the time value of money. It is important that a manager of a firm recognize that $1 today is worth more than the $1 received in the future because the opportunity cost of receiving the $1 in the future is the forgone interest that could be earned were $1 received today. The opportunity cost also reflects the time value of money. 6. Use marginal analysis. It is one of the most important managerial tools and it states that the optimal managerial decisions involve comparing.

Conclusion Managerial economies applies the most important theories and concepts from the two closely related areas of economies (microeconomics and industrial organizations) to create systematic, logical way of analyzing business practices and the tactics designed to get the best profit as well as formulating the strategies for protecting and sustaining these profits in the long run. Microeconomics is the study and the analysis of the individual behavior of consumers, business corporations, workers and owners of resources, industries and the markets of goods and services. Microeconomics develops a number of foundation concept and the optimization technique that explain the every business decisions managers must routinely making in day to day running of a business. The decisions includes deciding how much of the various productive inputs to buy in order to produce the chosen output level at lowest total cost, choosing the profit maximizing production level, allocating production between two or more production plants located in different places, choosing how much the firm spends on advertising and setting the profit maximizing prices for the goods the company sells.

Learning for society

By Dr. Rosa Hilda Lora M. Advisor at AIU | rosa@aiu.edu

We are living in a world that seems to be aimless. The question we ask ourselves is: what happens to us as a society that with so much science, so much technology and generations and generations of applications, the society we are creating doesn’t give the satisfied life that it was supposed to be. If we start to analyze the history of humanity, it seemed that the more science and technology we had, we would reach paradise and it hasn’t been like that. We lived in a world where science was done in order to know and the products of that knowledge gave a peaceful life to one part of society and the other part seemed to be fine. At what point did science leave this path? Science left this path when the surplus of its applications was already sought and the power of human beings was sharpened. Today we have trade that is produced in different places and at the lowest cost and is distributed from the closest point. Needs are generated to carry out more trade, which has created an imbalance in resources: there’s the problem of nonrenewable resources and those that are generated and made necessary through marketing.

Nowadays we have a pandemic that mutates and mutates and another pandemic whose virus is the power in the rulers, power in wealth, power through education to maintain populism and dictatorships. The foregoing has given us a world that needs a clear path for a life of the planet and of the human beings that live on it. “…should the curriculum be designed in permanent concert with socio-economic needs? or on the contrary, should (sic) conform to the challenges that society poses?... (Moreno Flores, 2021, p. 3) The education that is the basis of growth for the wellbeing of human beings is oriented to support populism and dictatorships: the life of human beings and the planet are not on the agenda. When it is said that Finland has the best results in the tests that are done to measure the knowledge of its students, it is forgotten what the country does or what it has in its educational system that gives those results. What the country does is let students choose the knowledge that the programs determine, but at the level at which they feel capable of achieving that knowledge. Yes, they have to do a program but they choose the subjects within the cycle at the level that they feel capable of obtaining the knowledge. We know that education is based worldwide as mass education: these are the levels and students must take them in this cycle. The optional subjects appear but in any case, from the set of such, these options must be taken from this cycle. Education became massive after World War II because rapid industrialization had to be generated.

Nowadays it’s necessary and forced to remove education from being a weapon for the support of populism and dictatorships. To do the above, education must be thought for society, to generate the quality of life that human beings claim. To develop a science for society and not for commerce, we have to stop students attending programs designed for banking education where the student only keeps the information that is convenient for governments to stay in power. Education for society asks, demands, that there be objectives that allow the social results for which what is learned is learned. Don’t stay in the quantification and yes build the result for your community, for your country and for the world.

Students are so domesticated in banking education that when they are asked for solutions for their community, for their country and for the world they say: why so many things and they bother themselves. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) are conducting studies to determine what we need to have in education by 2050. Through the International Institute for Higher Education in Latin America, work is being done on the needs that Higher Education must satisfy. These results were published in May 2021. UNESCO. Think beyond limits. Perspectives on the Futures of Higher Education to 2050. May 25, 2021. https://www.iesalc.unesco. org/2021/05/26/informe-sobre-elfuturo- de-la-educacion-superiorpreve- respuestas-colectivas-y-holisticas- a-los-retos- mundiales/ UNESCO works and results in the following proposal embodied in the document: Roads Towards 2050 and Beyond.https:// www.iesalc.unesco.org/wp-content/ uploads/2021/11/Pathways-to- 2050-and-beyond_ESP-1.pdf The document sets out the following objectives:

1. Quality of life. Access to education must be expanded. 2. Social change. An economic, socio-political and cultural transformation must be made. 3. Take care of the environment. Caring for the environment, which is the place that makes life possible for us. 4. Development of technology. A relationship must be created between technology and education. Remember that by 2050 the world population will be digitally literate. What should be clear to us is that everything that happens in the world we live in is the product of an education based on the repetition of concepts. Before this use of education, political power was achieved through arms; today through education. All the problems we have with the Covid-19 pandemic come from the meaning that the vast majority of world citizens have given to it due to the scant capacity for reasoning and knowledge originating from a banking education. There is technology but the vast majority of human beings are only attentive to social networks. Through them, marketing is managed.

It has cost for the rulers and citizens dearly the management of education as a means of populism or dictatorship and now those who have power, whatever it may be, seek new ways to manipulate with more lies or by force suppressing the rights humans. We are facing a new order in our world. We have to think that: only the education in which we seek the truth of scientific thinking together with the why —in our community, in our country and in the world— is what will save us from everything we are living today. Analyze your atlantic International University holistic program and finish your work with solutions for your community, for your country and for the world. Also read some of the books that are offered in the seminars so that you know in which world you live. The professions are worked in a society. Find out in which society you will develop your knowledge. Let us work for education for society and achieve the well-being we all need.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Moreno Flores, J. 2021. El diseño curricular como puente entre universidad y sociedad. Madrid: Paraninfo. • UNESCO. Caminos hacia 2050 y más allá. Retrieved from: https://www.iesalc.unesco.org/wp-content/ uploads/2021/11/Pathways-to-2050-and-beyond_ESP-1.pdf • UNESCO. Pensar más allá de los límites. Perspectivas sobre los futuros de la educación superior hasta 2050--25 de mayo de 2021. Retrieved from: https://www.iesalc.unesco. org/2021/05/26/informe-sobre-el-futuro-de-la-educacion-superior-preve-respuestas-colectivas-y-holisticas-a-los-retos-mundiales/


Scientific papers in English

Here’s how I learned to write as a non native speaker.

I grew up in China and was still developing my English skills, so I was nervous when I emailed my Ph.D. supervisor the first draft of a manuscript. One week later, he sent it back full of changes. At first, I was frustrated ... But after I took a closer look, I realized where I’d gone astray. He had shortened many of my sentences and commented that I should avoid unnecessarily long and complicated phrases. The advice was counter to what I’d learned when studying for English language proficiency exams. Showing off complex grammar and advanced vocabulary had always brought higher scores, so that’s how I approached writing. But I clearly had more lessons left to learn. ... At first, I sometimes sat at my computer all day and only ended up with 200 words of text. I couldn’t tell whether my writing was any good. Every time I composed a sentence, I imagined someone laughing at it. One day I’d had enough of writing the same sentence over and over. I decided to write the first draft of a manuscript as quickly as possible. That’s when something magical happened: The sentences seemed to flow out of me, and in a few hours I had a rough draft. I had to go back and edit my work later, but it was a relief to have text to work with —and to know that my draft could only get better. ... I now think through my simplified message before I start to write. I also ... Read full text:


Ancient Native Americans were among the first in the world.

About 8500 years ago, hunter-gatherers living beside Eagle Lake in Wisconsin hammered out a conical, 10-cmlong projectile point made of pure copper. The finely crafted point, used to hunt big game, highlights a New World technological triumph —and a puzzle. A new study of that artifact and other traces of prehistoric mining concludes that what is known as the Old Copper Culture emerged, then mysteriously faded, far earlier than once thought. The dates show that early Native Americans were among the first people in the world to mine metal and fashion it into tools. They also suggest a regional climate shift might help explain why, after thousands of years, the pioneering metallurgists abruptly stopped making most copper tools and largely returned to stone and bone implements. Earth’s largest and purest copper deposits are found around North America’s Great Lakes. At some point, Native Americans learned to harvest the ore and heat, hammer, and grind it into tools. They left behind thousands of mines and countless copper artifacts, including lethal projectile points, hefty knives and axes, and petite fish hooks and awls. Today, it’s not uncommon to meet residents of the region “who have buckets of copper artifacts [that they’ve found] tucked away in their basements,” says David Pompeani, a geologist at Kansas State University ... Read full text:

Find Open Courses and a world of learning granted by AIU at courses.aiu.edu Help others study and change their lives. Visit MyAIU Pledge.

Changes in the brain

Covid-19 may cause some, new study finds.

Covid-19 may cause greater loss of gray matter and tissue damage in the brain than naturally occurs in people who have not been infected with the virus, a large new study found. The study, published March 7 in the journal Nature, is believed to be the first involving people who underwent brain scans both before they contracted Covid and months after. Neurological experts who were not involved in the research said it was valuable and unique, but they cautioned that the implications of the changes were unclear and did not necessarily suggest that people might have lasting damage or that the changes might profoundly affect thinking, memory or other functions. The study, involving people aged 51 to 81, found shrinkage and tissue damage primarily in brain areas related to sense of smell; some of those areas are also involved in other brain functions, the researchers said. With normal aging, people lose a tiny fraction of gray matter each year. For example, in regions related to memory, the typical annual loss is between 0.2 percent and 0.3 percent, the researchers said. But Covid patients in the study — who underwent their second brain scan an average of four and a half months after their infection— lost more than noninfected participants, experiencing between 0.2 percent and 2 percent additional gray matter loss in different brain regions over the three years between scans. They also lost more overall brain volume and showed more tissue damage in certain areas. ...
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and its high greenhouse gas emissions.

Astronomers spend their careers looking up at the sky, away from Earth, but now some stargazers say their field has to grapple with the fact that observing the cosmos is contributing to their home planet’s climate emergency. A new estimate of the greenhouse gas emissions linked to all ground- and spacebased telescopes, in the journal Nature Astronomy, says the annual carbon footprint of astronomy’s research infrastructure is equivalent to about 20 million metric tons of carbon dioxide. “Just to give you some perspective —20 million tonnes of CO2— this is the annual carbon footprint of countries like Estonia, Croatia, or Bulgaria," says Jürgen Knödlseder, an astronomer at IRAP, an astrophysics laboratory in France. He and IRAP colleagues including Annie Hughes and Luigi Tibaldo got the idea to do this study while making an estimate of the greenhouse gas emissions from their own institute. “The only missing piece of our assessment was the footprint of the observational data,” says Knödlseder, whose own research, for example, has relied on observations made with the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. ... By dividing up the total annual emissions by the number of astronomers worldwide, the researchers figure that each astronomer’s share of the profession’s emissions is around 36 metric tons per year. ... Read full text

AIU makes a huge contribution to the world by giving new scient ifics the space for original investigations and research. Visit MyAIU Evolution

Moto knee

Prosthetic leg for snowboarding

In 2008, when Mike Schultz found his prosthetic leg wasn’t strong enough for him to continue competing in snowmobile racing, he went away and designed his own. This year the defending Winter Paralympic snowboard cross champion wants to help as many other adaptive athletes as he can as he looks to his next stage of life. “I’m ready to turn the page,” he says. “The last two years have meant a lot of sacrifice for our family. It’s cool I can create the tools that bridge the gap to what was once deemed impossible.”... Mike is the founder of BioDapt Inc, a prosthetics business, and he won the silver medal in the men’s snowboard cross SB-LL1 event at the 2022 Winter Paralympics held in Beijing, China. ... Read full text:

Diébédo Francis Kéré

Winner of the 2022 Pritzker prize

For many architects, being distinguished with awards is a mandatory stepping stone to more prestigious commissions. And there’s no bigger award than the annual Pritzker Architecture Prize. It was announced today [March 15] that the 2022 Pritzker Prize was awarded to the 56-year-old architect, Diébédo Francis Kéré. With this prize, the Burkina Faso-born architect will receive $100,000 and a bronze medallion. But more significantly, perhaps, is that his name will now be included in the same echelon as past Pritzker winners: Philip Johnson, James Stirling, Rem Koolhaas, Zaha Hadid, Oscar Niemeyer, I.M. Pei, Norman Foster, and Tadao Ando, to name a few. Since its founding in 1979, the Pritzker has generally been awarded to familiar celebrity “starchitects.” In recent years, the jury of experts have refocused their gaze on lesser-known practices around the world, socially conscious firms championing design as a catalyst for the greater good. ... Read full text: Read full text

Chute 9

Work jeans for women

On farms, properties, and stations across Australia, you’ll find women riding horses, mustering cattle, fixing fences and harvesting crops. But why are most of them wearing jeans made for men? It’s a question that’s been at the back of Claudia Fox’s mind for almost a decade. ... Fed up with the options for women, it was an accident that finally prompted Ms Fox to create her own jeans label. ... ensuring she met the two criteria women wanted in a pair of jeans: consistency of sizing and of quality. ... In July 2020, Claudia put the first 120 pairs of CHUTE 9 jeans online for sale. The reaction from country women was resounding, and the collection sold out within the month. ... Read full text

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Resistant starch

The four types and their main benefits.

Resistant starch is a type of carbohydrate that doesn’t get digested in your small intestine. Instead, it ferments in your large intestine and feeds beneficial gut bacteria. This type of starch provides numerous health benefits and has fewer calories than regular starch. ... Type 1. Found in partially milled seeds and grains, as well as in some dense starchy foods. This type is stuck within fibrous cell walls. So it’s not digested. Type 2. Found in starchy foods like raw bananas and potatoes. Indigestible because they are compact, which makes it hard for digestive enzymes to break them down. Type 3. The most resistant. Found in foods that have been cooked and cooled, such as bread and cornflakes. The process of cooling turns some of the starches into resistant starches. Type 4. This type of starch is man-made and is usually found in bread and cakes. Some benefits of resistant starch are: 1. Boosts gut health • 2. Keeps your colon healthy • 3. Encourages high levels of insulin sensitivity • 4. Lowers risks for certain conditions • 5. Encourages weight loss. Some foods high in resistant starch are: Rice or potatoes that have been cooked and cooled • Whole grains such as barley and oats • Plantains • Green bananas (not yellow or ripe bananas, which have regular starch). ... Read full text:

Executive disfunction

May appear similar to ADHD, but it is not the same.

Executive function describes a set of cognitive processes and mental skills that help an individual plan, monitor, and successfully execute their goals. The “executive functions,” as they’re known, include attentional control, working memory, inhibition, and problem-solving, many of which are thought to originate in the brain’s prefrontal cortex. ... Many experts believe that the human mind contains seven different executive functions: self-awareness, inhibition, nonverbal working memory (shortterm memory related to sensory and spatial information), verbal working memory (short-term memory related to speech and language), emotional regulation, motivational regulation, and planning and problem-solving. Someone who struggles with executive functioning will likely have trouble starting or finishing tasks, executing multiple steps of a project in sequence, and keeping their belongings organized. They may struggle to make decisions or lose important items frequently. Issues with impulse or emotional control are a less obvious sign of an executive functioning deficit. ... Executive dysfunction —sometimes called executive function disorder, or EFD— may appear similar to ADHD; indeed, some experts posit that ADHD is itself a disorder of executive function. People with ADHD —especially children— ... Read full text:

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The Great Green Wall

...is beginning to rise in Africa.

Started in 2008, the Great Green Wall is a monumental initiative to regenerate the semi-arid northern Sahel region to prevent the Sahara from spreading southwards. The idea is to plant millions of trees on a strip of land about 8,000km long and 15km wide crossing the African continent from Senegal to Djibouti. To give an idea of the scale of the project, the planned route is almost as long as the distance between Paris and Beijing (8,200km). In addition to the goal of restoring 100 million hectares of degraded land by 2030, the Great Green Wall aims to capture 250 million tonnes of carbon. It will also improve food security and create millions of jobs in the affected regions. At present, this ambitious project is only about 15 percent complete, according to the latest estimates. But some $20 billion has recently been pledged at international level to push it forward and hopefully reach the target in eight years. Eleven countries in the Sahel belt are involved in this ecological restoration project. However, only a handful have made significant contributions in the decade since launch. As detailed in our infographic, over the period 2008-2019, Ethiopia accounted for more than half of the restored land in the project’s area of focus, followed by Niger (20 percent), Eritrea (15 percent) and Senegal (3 percent). ... Statista offers daily infographics about trending topics such as Economy & Finance, Politics & Society, Tech & Media, Health & Environment, Consumer, Sports ...
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Rethink geotagging

If it’s a sensitive landscape, don’t post your location.

Social media has exposed the wider world to remote and beautiful wilderness once only seen in coffee table books, at slide nights or by the eyes of an adventurous few. So while the instagrammable aesthetics of these locations inspire more people to head out into Tasmania’s wild areas, their newfound popularity is coming at a price. “In a nature perspective it makes locations that were not as well known much more known and visited,” said Mark Williams, a lecturer in physical geography and spatial science at the University of Tasmania. “More people are out in nature experiencing the mental and physical benefits, but some places are becoming degraded as more and more people visit these fragile sites.” He pointed to Wellington Park’s Disappearing Tarn, which was once only known through local knowledge, and Lake Rhona in the south-west, which became popular via social media but started having issues with toilet paper litter. “When you’re sharing your photographs from your trips, it’s fine to share them, but think about sharing some of the more sensitive locations with just small groups of people rather than your entire network. “Consider stripping the geotag from some of the photographs of particularly sensitive areas.” ... Read full text:

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Wales just made it illegal, joining more than 60 countries.

Parents in Wales can no longer spank, slap, hit or shake kids, according to a new law outlawing all physical punishments for children. According to The Guardian, corporal punishment had been included as “reasonable punishment” in England and Wales since Victorian times, but that defense no longer applies. “Until now, children were the only group in our society who it was acceptable to strike in certain circumstances,” Viv Laing, the policy and public affairs manager at the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) Cymru Wales, told The Guardian. “We don’t allow the physical punishment of adults or animals, so it is absurd that we have for so long with children.” But not everyone is happy with the law. Some conservatives expressed concern that the law would lead to a “Stasi culture” in which citizens become informants and turn in their neighbors to law enforcement for parenting choices. But Deputy Minister for Social Services Julie Morgan rejected the notion. “We don’t want people spying,” she said, before adding, “Looking after children is the responsibility of the whole community.” The law, which applies to both residents of and visitors to Wales, is being hailed as “historic” by the Welsh government. But Wales is hardly the first country to outlaw corporal punishment. In 1979, Sweden became the first nation to make striking a child ...
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Greenland shark

A 100-year-old juvenile got stranded in Cornwall.

The Greenland shark is believed to be the longest living vertebrate, with some living up to 500 years. The animal is just the second ever found in the UK, and the first to have a full post-mortem examination. Analysis also revealed it was a female, and likely to have live-stranded. Rob Deaville, from the Zoological Society of London’s Cetacean Strandings Investigation Programme, said it was difficult to put an age on the shark. The eye lenses and a section of vertebra have been sent to experts who can make a better estimate. He said: “There has been a lot of work in the past though showing this species is potentially the longestlived vertebrate on the planet, one or two have been been aged up to 400 or maybe 500 years old. Now this animal certainly isn’t that old but is it 100-plus years old? Quite possibly, but we need to get those samples sent off before we can get a better handle on that.” He said it may have been the same shark reported as stranding off Brittany recently. “They are weird and wonderful animals. They have a particular type of parasite that is only found on the eyeball of the Greenland shark, and they have very unusual dental morphology with different teeth on the lower jaw ... As well as trying to determine its age, scientists hope to learn about its diet, movements, and any man-made pollutants that may be present. ...
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The Techno-Fix won’t save us

Unquestioned beliefs are the real authorities of any culture, and one of the central authorities in the dominant, globalizing culture is that technological progress is an unmitigated good.

We call this “the lie of the techno-fix.” The lie of the techno-fix is extremely convincing, with good reason. The propaganda promoting this idea is incessant and nearly subliminal, with billions of dollars pouring out of non-profit offices, New York PR firms, and Hollywood production companies annually to inculcate young people into the cult of technology. In policy, technology is rarely (if ever) subjected to any democratic controls; if it can be profitably made, it will be. And damn the consequences. There is money to be made.

Critics of technology and the techno-elite, such as Lewis Mumford, Rachel Carson, Langdon Winner, Derrick Jensen, and many others, have spoken out for decades on these issues. Technological “development,” they warn us, is perhaps better understood as technological “escalation,” since modern industrial technologies typically represent a war on the planet and the poor. ... The most recent topic explored by the thinkers and activists who make up the Great Transition Network was “Technology and the Future”. As writer after writer posted their thoughts, it was heartening to see that almost all recognize that technology cannot provide real solutions to the many crises we face. I was also happy that Professor William Robinson, author of a number of books on the global economy, highlighted the clear connection between computer technologies and the further entrenchment of globalization today. As anyone who has followed my work will know, globalization is of particular interest to me: for more than 40 years I’ve been studying its impacts on different cultures and societies around the world. From Ladakh and Bhutan to Sweden and Australia, a clear pattern has emerged: as people are pushed into deepening dependence on large-scale, technological systems, ecological and social crises escalate.

I’m not the only one to have seen this. In the International Forum on Globalization —a network I co-founded in 1992— I worked with forty writers, journalists, academics and social and environmental leaders from around the world to inform the public about the ways in which “free-trade” treaties, the principal drivers of globalization, have eroded democracy, destroyed livelihoods, and accelerated resource extraction. In countries as disparate as Sweden and India, I have seen how globalization intensifies competition for jobs and resources, leading to dramatic social breakdown —including not only ethnic and religious conflict, but also depression, alcoholism and suicide. Techno-Fix Failure Professor Robinson wrote that we are “at the brink of another round of restructuring and transformation based on a much more advanced digitalization of entire global economy”. This is true, but the link between globalization and technological expansion began well before the computer era. Large-scale, technological apparatuses can be understood as the arms and legs of centralized profit-making. And while 5G networks, satellites, mass dataharvesting, artificial intelligence and virtual reality will allow the colonization of still more physical, economic and mental space by multinational corporations, technologies like fossil fuels, global trading infrastructures, and television have already helped to impose a corporate-run consumer-based economy in almost every corner of the globe.

For reasons that are increasingly evident, an acceleration of this process is the last thing we need in a time of serious social and environmental crises. What’s more, the technologies themselves —from the sensors to the satellites— all rely heavily on scarce resources, not least rare earth minerals. Some of the world’s richest corporations are now racing each other to extract these minerals from the deepest seabeds and from the surface of Mars. It has been estimated that the internet alone —with its largely invisible data warehouses (much of it manned by exploited labor in the “developing” world)— will use up a fifth of global electricity consumption by 2025.

Terminating Tradition And for what? So that we can all spend more time immersed in and addicted to virtual worlds? So that we can automate agriculture, and drive more communities off the land into swelling urban slums? So that drones can deliver our online purchases without an iota of face-to-face contact? When thinking about technology from within an already high-tech, urban context, we can easily forget that nearly half the global population still lives in villages, still connected to the land. This is not to say that their way of life is not under threat — far from it. Ladakh, the Himalayan region where I lived and worked for several decades, was unconnected to the outside world by even a road until the 1960s. But today you can find processed corporate food, smartphones, mountains of plastic waste, traffic jams and other signs of ‘modernity’ in the capital, Leh. The first steps on this path were taken in the mid-1970s when, in the name of ‘development’, massive resources went into building up the energy, communications and transport infrastructures needed to tie Ladakh to the global economy. Another step involved pulling Ladakhi children out of their villages into western-style schools, where they learned none of the place-based skills that supported Ladakh’s culture for centuries, and instead were trained into the technological- modernist paradigm. Together, these forces are pushing the traditional way of life to the brink of extinction. While that process began relatively recently in Ladakh, in the west it has been going on far longer, with deeper impacts. But even here, more and more people are becoming aware that the technologization of their personal lives has led to increasing stress, isolation, and mental health struggles. During the pandemic people have been forced to do more online than ever before —from classes to conversations with friends and family— and most have discovered how limited and empty online life can be. There is a clear cultural turning, visible now even in the mainstream, that goes beyond a desire to spend less time on screens. People are also beginning to reject the posturing of the consumer culture and its work-and-spend treadmill, wanting instead to slow down, to cultivate deeper relationships and to engage in more community-oriented and nature-based activities.

Returning Ecology I see young people all over the world choosing to leave their screen-based jobs to become farmers. (This return to the land is happening in Ladakh, as well, which I find truly inspiring.) Informal networks of mutual aid are arising. Friends are gardening, cooking and baking bread together; families are choosing to live on the land and developing relationships with the animals and plants around them. We are seeing increased respect for indigenous wisdom, for women and for the feminine, and a growing appreciation for wild nature and for all things vernacular, handmade, artisanal and local. There is also an emergence of alternative, ecological practices in every discipline: from natural medicine to natural building, from eco-psychology to ecological agriculture. Although these disciplines have often been the target of corporate co-optation and greenwashing, they have invariably emerged from bottom-up efforts to restore a healthier relationship with the Earth.

All of these are positive, meaningful trends that have been largely ignored by the media, and given no support by policymakers. At the moment, they are running uphill in a system that favors corporateled technological development at every turn. They testify to enduring goodwill, to a deep human desire for connection. When viewed from a big-picture perspective, the expansion of digital technologies —which are inherently centralized and centralizing— runs contrary to the emergence of a more humane, sustainable and genuinely connected future. Why should we accept an energy-and mineral-intensive technological infrastructure that is fundamentally about speeding life up, increasing our screentime, automating our jobs, and tightening the grip of the 1%? For a better future, we need to put technology back in its place, and favor democratically determined, diverse forms of development that are shaped by human and ecological priorities —not by the gimmicky fetishes of a handful of billionaires.
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The world’s first 4 in 1 skateboard that revolutionises the way we get children into skateboarding. Getting on a board sooner and building key core skills, whilst making the process a safe and enjoyable experience. www.ookkie.org

Bamboo nesting bowls.

The seven piece set is fabulous for everyday use and the colors will make anyone’s kitchen pop. It includes sizes to suit any of your kitchen or hosting needs. www.thegrommet.com

Spinnerette turntable.

The retro-vibe Third Man Records Spinnerette Turntable features a belt-driven turntable and dynamic full-range speaker that are revealed when the Spinnerette carrying case is opened. Great for vinyl beginners, the Spinnerette is powered by an AC power adapter (included), has an Audio-Technica diamond-stylus needle and plays 33 ⅓, 45 and 78rpm records. store.moma.org

Anaïs Nin (1903–1977).

“If you do not breathe through writing, if you do not cry out in writing, or sing in writing, then don't write, because our culture has no use for it.”

Anaïs Nin (1903–1977).
French-born American diarist, essayist, novelist, and writer of short stories and erotica.

Good Advice

What good is intuition if you let second-guessing drown it out? The worst enemy of success is self-doubt. Source: www.inc.com

Bachelor's of American History


The Bachelor of American History (BA) program objective is to provide students with a rich and complex understanding of U.S. history, society and cultures of the past and present; focusing on literature, social science or history. The degree prepares students for opportunities in business, politics, law, education, government, journalism and other related careers. The Bachelor of American History (BA) program is offered online via distance learning. After evaluating both academic record and life experience, AIU staff working in conjunction with Faculty and Academic Advisors will assist students in setting up a custom-made program, designed on an individual basis. This flexibility to meet student needs is seldom found in other distance learning programs. Our online program does not require all students to take the same subjects/ courses, use the same books, or learning materials. Instead, the online Bachelor of American History (BA) curriculum is designed individually by the student and academic advisor. It specifically addresses strengths and weaknesses with respect to market opportunities in the student’s major and intended field of work. Understanding that industry and geographic factors should influence the content of the curriculum instead of a standardized one-fits-all design is the hallmark of AIU’s unique approach to adult education. This philosophy addresses the dynamic and constantly changing environment of working professionals by helping adult students in reaching their professional and personal goals within the scope of the degree program.


Below is an example of the topics or areas you may develop and work on during your studies. By no means is it a complete or required list as AIU programs do not follow a standardized curriculum. It is meant solely as a reference point and example. Want to learn more about the curriculum design at AIU? Go ahead and visit our website, especially the Course and Curriculum section: http://aiu.edu/course-curriculum.html

Orientation Courses:

Communication & Investigation (Comprehensive Resume)
Organization Theory (Portfolio)
Experiential Learning (Autobiography)
Seminar Administrative Development (Book Summary)
Seminar Cultural Development (Practical Experience)
Seminar International Development (Publications)

Core Courses and Topics

Colonial America
Early National United States
Civil War and Reconstruction
Emergence of Modern America
Recent America
Vietnam War
The American West
American Foreign Policy
Arkansas and the Southwest
American Constitutional
History of American Labor
American Women’s History
Social and Political Thought

Research Project

Bachelor Thesis Project
MBM300 Thesis Proposal
MBM302 Bachelor Thesis (5,000 words)


Teacher • Archival Manager
Librarian • Records Manager
Writer • Journalist • Paralegal


Each Bachelor graduate is encouraged to publish their research papers either online in the public domain or through professional journals and periodicals worldwide.

Contact us to get started

Each graduate is encouraged to publish their research papers either online in the public domain or through professional journals and periodicals worldwide


Pioneer Plaza/900 Fort Street Mall 410
Honolulu, HI 96813
800-993-0066 (Toll Free in US)
808-924-9567 (Internationally)

About Us


Atlantic International University offers distance learning degree programs for adult learners at bachelors, masters, and doctoral level. With self paced program taken online, AIU lifts the obstacles that keep professional adults from completing their educational goals. Programs are available throughout a wide range of majors and areas of study. All of this with a philosophically holistic approach towards education fitting within the balance of your life and acknowledging the key role each individual can play in their community, country, and the world. Atlantic International University is accredited by the Accreditation Service for International Schools, Colleges and Universities (ASIC). ASIC Accreditation is an internationally renowned quality standard for colleges and universities. Visit ASIC’s Directory of Accredited Colleges and Universities. ASIC is a member of CHEA International Quality Group (CIQG) in the USA, an approved accreditation body by the Ministerial Department of the Home Office in the UK, and is listed in the International Directory of the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). The University is based in the United States and was established by corporate charter in 1998.

Our founding principles are based on the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights; per article 26, AIU believes that Higher Education is a Human Right. The University has implemented a paradigm shifting educational model for its academic programs that have allowed it to move closer to this goal through the self-empowerment of its students, decentralization of the learning process, personalized open curriculum design, a sustainable learning model, developing 11 core elements of the Human Condition within MYAIU, and utilizing the quasi-infinite knowledge through the use of information technology combined with our own capacity to find solutions to all types of global issues, dynamic problems, and those of individuals and multidisciplinary teams. Due to these differentiations and the university’s mission, only a reputable accrediting agency with the vision and plasticity to integrate and adapt its processes around AIU’s proven and successful innovative programs could be selected. Unfortunately, the vast majority of accrediting agencies adhere to and follow obsolete processes and requirements that have outlived their usefulness and are in direct conflict with the university’s mission of offering a unique, dynamic, affordable, quality higher education to the nontraditional student (one who must work, study what he really needs for professional advancement, attend family issues, etc.). We believe that adopting outdated requirements and processes would impose increased financial burdens on students while severely limiting their opportunities to earn their degree and advance in all aspects. Thus, in selecting the ASIC as its accrediting agency, AIU ensured that its unique programs would not be transformed into a copy or clone of those offered by the 10,000+ colleges and universities around the world. Since ASIC is an international accrediting agency based outside the United States, we are required by statute HRS446E to place the following disclaimer: ATLANTIC INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY IS NOT ACCREDITED BY AN ACCREDITING AGENCY RECOGNIZED BY THE UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF EDUCATION. Note: In the United States and abroad, many licensing authorities require accredited degrees as the basis for eligibility for licensing.

In some cases, accredited colleges may not accept for transfer courses and degrees completed at unaccredited colleges, and some employers may require an accredited degree as a basis for eligibility for employment. Potential students should consider how the above may affect their interests, AIU respects the unique rules and regulations of each country and does not seek to influence the respective authorities. In the event that a prospective student wishes to carry out any government review or process in regards to his university degree, we recommend that the requirements of such are explored in detail with the relevant authorities by the prospective student as the university does not intervene in such processes. AIU students can be found in over 180 countries, they actively participate and volunteer in their communities as part of their academic program and have allocated thousands of service hours to diverse causes and initiatives. AIU programs follow the standards commonly used by colleges and universities in the United States with regards to the following: academic program structure, degree issued, transcript, and other graduation documents. AIU graduation documents can include an apostille and authentication from the US Department of State to facilitate their use internationally.

The AIU Difference

It is acknowledged that the act of learning is endogenous, (from within), rather than exogenous.

This fact is the underlying rationale for “Distance Learning”, in all of the programs offered by AIU. The combination of the underlying principles of student “self instruction”, (with guidance), collaborative development of curriculum unique to each student, and flexibility of time and place of study, provides the ideal learning environment to satisfy individual needs.

AIU is an institution of experiential learning and nontraditional education at a distance. There are no classrooms and attendance is not required.

Mission & Vision


To be a higher learning institution concerned about generating cultural development alternatives likely to be sustained in order to lead to a more efficient administration of the world village and its environment; exerting human and community rights through diversity with the ultimate goal of the satisfaction and evolution of the world.


The empowerment of the individual towards the convergence of the world through a sustainable educational design based on andragogy and omniology.

Organizational Structure

Dr. Franklin Valcin
President/Academic Dean
Dr. José Mercado
Chief Executive Officer
Chairman of the Board of Trustees
Ricardo González, PhD
Dr. Ricardo Gonzalez
Chief Operation Officer
and MKT Director
Linda Collazo
Logistics Coordinator
Dr. Silvia Restorff
Academic Advisor
Dr. Miriam Garibaldi
Viceprovost for Research
Irina Ivashuk
Alumni Association
Dr. Prakash Menon
Academic Advisor
Dr. Ofelia Miller
Director of AIU
Clara Margalef
Director of Special Projects
of AIU
Carlos Aponte
Juan Pablo Moreno
Director of Operations
David Jung
Corporate/Legal Counsel
Dr. Nilani Ljunggren De Silva
Academic Advisor
Paula Viera
Director of
Intelligence Systems
Bruce Kim
Dr. Scott Wilson
Academic Advisor
Felipe Gomez
Design Director / IT Supervisor
Thomas Kim
Accounting Counsel
Dr. Mohammad Shaidul Islam
Academic Advisor
Daritza Ysla
IT Coordinator
Camila Correa
Quality Assurance Coordinator
Dr. Edgar Colon
Academic Advisor
Nadeem Awan
Chief Programming Officer
Maricela Esparza
Administrative Coordinator
Deborah Rodriguez
Academic Tutor Coordinator
Dr. Jack Rosenzweig
Dean of Academic Affairs
Chris Benjamin
IT and Hosting Support
Cyndy Dominguez
Academic Tutor Coordinator
Dr. Edward Lambert
Academic Director
Mayra Bolivar
Accounting Coordinator
Kinmberly Diaz
Admissions Support Tutor
Dr. Ariadna Romero
Advisor Coordinator
Roberto Aldrett
Communications Coordinator
Amalia Aldrett
Admissions Coordinator
Nadia Gabaldon
Academic Coordinator
Giovanni Castillo
IT Support
Sandra Garcia
Admissions Coordinator
Jhanzaib Awan
Senior Programmer
Jaime Rotlewicz
Dean of Admissions
Jose Neuhaus
Admissions Support
Leonardo Salas
Human Resource Manager
Dr. Mario Rios
Academic Advisor
Junko Shimizu
Admissions Coordinator
Benjamin Joseph
IT and Technology Support
Michael Phillips
Registrar’s Office
Veronica Amuz
Admissions Coordinator
Rosie Perez
Finance Coordinator
Rene Cordon
Admissions Support
Alba Ochoa
Admissions Coordinator
Chris Soto
Admissions Counselor
Jenis Garcia
Admissions Counselor

FACULTY AND STAFF PAGE: www.aiu.edu/FacultyStaff.html

School of Business and Economics

The School of Business and Economics allows aspiring and practicing professionals, managers, and entrepreneurs in the private and public sectors to complete a self paced distance learning degree program of the highest academic standard. The ultimate goal is to empower learners and help them take advantage of the enormous array of resources from the world environment in order to eliminate the current continuum of poverty and limitations. Degree programs are designed for those students whose professional experience has been in business, marketing, administration, economics, finance and management.

Areas of Study:

Accounting, Advertising, Banking, Business Administration, Communications, Ecommerce, Finance, Foreign Affairs, Home Economics, Human Resources, International Business, International Finance, Investing, Globalization, Marketing, Management, Macroeconomics, Microeconomics, Public Administrations, Sustainable Development, Public Relations, Telecommunications, Tourism, Trade.

School of Social and Human Studies

The School of Social and Human Studies is focused on to the development of studies which instill a core commitment to building a society based on social and economic justice and enhancing opportunities for human well being. The founding principles lie on the basic right of education as outlined in the Declaration of Human Rights. We instill in our students a sense of confidence and self reliance in their ability to access the vast opportunities available through information channels, the world wide web, private, public, nonprofit, and nongovernmental organizations in an ever expanding global community. Degree programs are aimed towards those whose professional life has been related to social and human behavior, with the arts, or with cultural studies.

Areas of Study:

Psychology, International Affairs, Sociology, Political Sciences, Architecture, Legal Studies, Public Administration, Literature and languages, Art History, Ministry, African Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, Asian Studies, European Studies, Islamic Studies, Religious Studies.

School of Science and Engineering

The School of Science and Engineering seeks to provide dynamic, integrated, and challenging degree programs designed for those whose experience is in industrial research, scientific production, engineering and the general sciences. Our system for research and education will keep us apace with the twenty-first century reach scientific advance in an environmentally and ecologically responsible manner to allow for the sustainability of the human population. We will foster among our students a demand for ethical behavior, an appreciation for diversity, an understanding of scientific investigation, knowledge of design innovation, a critical appreciation for the importance of technology and technological change for the advancement of humanity.

Areas of Study:

Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Communications, Petroleum Science, Information Technology, Telecommunications, Nutrition Science, Agricultural Science, Computer Science, Sports Science, Renewable Energy, Geology, Urban Planning.

Online Library Resources

With access to a global catalog created and maintained collectively by more than 9,000 participating institutions, AIU students have secured excellent research tools for their study programs.

The AIU online library contains over 2 billion records and over 300 million bibliographic records that are increasing day by day. The sources spanning thousands of years and virtually all forms of human expression. There are files of all kinds, from antique inscribed stones to e-books, form wax engravings to MP3s, DVDs and websites. In addition to the archives, the library AIU Online offers electronic access to more than 149,000 e-books, dozens of databases and more than 13 million full-text articles with pictures included. Being able to access 60 databases and 2393 periodicals with more than 18 million items, guarantees the information required to perform the assigned research project. Users will find that many files are enriched with artistic creations on the covers, indexes, reviews, summaries and other information.

The records usually have information attached from important libraries. The user can quickly assess the relevance of the information and decide if it is the right source.

Education on the 21st century

AIU is striving to regain the significance of the concept of education, which is rooted into the Latin “educare”, meaning “to pull out”, breaking loose from the paradigm of most 21st century universities with their focus on “digging and placing information” into students’ heads rather than teaching them to think. For AIU, the generation of “clones” that some traditional universities are spreading throughout the real world is one of the most salient reasons for today’s ills. In fact, students trained at those educational institutions never feel a desire to “change the world” or the current status quo; instead, they adjust to the environment, believe everything is fine, and are proud of it all.

IN A WORLD where knowledge and mostly information expire just like milk, we must reinvent university as a whole in which each student, as the key player, is UNIQUE within an intertwined environment. This century’s university must generate new knowledge bits although this may entail its separation from both the administrative bureaucracy and the faculty that evolve there as well. AIU thinks that a university should be increasingly integrated into the “real world”, society, the economy, and the holistic human being. As such, it should concentrate on its ultimate goal, which is the student, and get him/her deeply immersed into a daily praxis of paradigm shifts, along with the Internet and research, all these being presently accessible only to a small minority of the world community. AIU students must accomplish their self-learning mission while conceptualizing it as the core of daily life values through the type of experiences that lead to a human being’s progress when information is converted into education. The entire AIU family must think of the university as a setting that values diversity and talent in a way that trains mankind not only for the present but above all for a future that calls everyday for professionals who empower themselves in academic and professional areas highly in demand in our modern society. We shall not forget that, at AIU, students are responsible for discovering their own talents and potential, which they must auto-develop in such a way that the whole finish product opens up as a flower that blossoms every year more openly.

THE AIU STANCE is against the idea of the campus as a getaway from day-to-day pressure since we believe reality is the best potential-enhancer ever; one truly learns through thinking, brainstorming ideas, which leads to new solutions, and ultimately the rebirth of a human being fully integrated in a sustainable world environment. Self-learning is actualized more from within than a top-down vantage point, that is to say, to influence instead of requesting, ideas more than power. We need to create a society where solidarity, culture, life, not political or economic rationalism and more than techno structures, are prioritized. In short, the characteristics of AIU students and alumni remain independence, creativity, self-confidence, and ability to take risk towards new endeavors. This is about people’s worth based not on what they know but on what they do with what they know.

Read more at: www.aiu.edu

AIU Service

AIU offers educational opportunities in the USA to adults from around the world so that they can use their own potential to manage their personal, global cultural development. The foundational axis of our philosophy lies upon self-actualized knowledge and information, with no room for obsoleteness, which is embedded into a DISTANCE LEARNING SYSTEM based on ANDRAGOGY and OMNIOLOGY. The ultimate goal of this paradigm is to empower learners and help them take advantage of the enormous array of resources from the world environment in order to eliminate the current continuum of poverty and limitations.

This will become a crude reality with respect for, and practice of, human and community rights through experiences, investigations, practicum work, and/ or examinations. Everything takes place in a setting that fosters diversity; with advisors and consultants with doctorate degrees and specializations in Human Development monitor learning processes, in addition to a worldwide web of colleagues and associations, so that they can reach the satisfaction and the progress of humanity with peace and harmony.

Contact us to get started

Now, it’s possible to earn your degree in the comfort of your own home. For additional information or to see if you qualify for admissions please contact us.

Pioneer Plaza / 900 Fort Street Mall 410 Honolulu, HI 96813
800-993-0066 (Toll Free in US) info@aiu.edu
808-924-9567 (Internationally) www.aiu.edu

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