Article published

OCTOBER 25, 2022. One of our Academic Advisors, Dr. Mohammad Shahidul Islam, published his article on the European Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(4). 556-569 in August 2022. The second part of his article is about: AIU Online Based Distance Learning Education System to Achieve UNESCO 2030 Goals Towards Sustainable Development based on student reflection. You can find his article on the link below: “Sustainable Treatment of Emerging Organic Pollutants (Eops), Endocrine Disruption Chemicals (Edcs) from Water &WasteWater and Role of AIU Online Based Distance Learning Education System to Achieve UNESCO 2030 Goals Towards Sustainable Development”: com/file/d/1xluPvQvmwVEzg4gefCi4K DHi7RIzwQje/view

Summit participation

NOVEMBER 4, 2022. One of our graduates with a major in Business Administration & Finance, Kanbiro Orkaido Deyganto, was invited to attend the “8th Global Entrepreneurship & Business Management Summit” held during March 27 - 28,2023 at Amsterdam, Netherlands, by the Entrepreneurship Summit 2023 committee. Kanbiro Orkaido Deyganto’s abstract titled “Factors Affecting Attitudes of Youth towards Entrepreneurship in Ethiopia” was approved by the scientific committee so that he can share his knowledge and views in respective to the theme “Innovation and Latest Trends of Business Opportunities”. The main scope and importance of the Conference are to bring all the wings of the business and entrepreneurship under one roof and share their experiences, pros, and cons with us. Discussion of the innovative and recent trends in the business field will be the main criteria of the conference. For more details and information, please visit the following link: https://entrepreneurship.

Graduated with Distinction

NOVEMBER, 2022. These graduate student completed his program with a high cumulative grade point average, which reflects the quality of performance within his respective major Congratulations!

Nilsson Carlos Muñoz Padilla
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration

21 TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON Publishing Studies Information, Medium & Society

Call for Papers This Conference will be held 30 June 2023 at Sorbonne Université, Paris, France. We invite proposals for paper presentations, workshops/ interactive sessions, posters/ exhibits, colloquia, focused discussions, innovation showcases, virtual posters, or virtual lightning talks. 2023 Special Focus: “Social Narrative Makers: Storytellers, Researchers, Publishers, Platforms” Plenary Speaker Dr. Phillip Kalantzis Cope Chief Social Scientist, Common Ground Research Networks, USA. Social Events • Live Online Tour: Visit the Louvre with an Art Historian • Narratives of Paris Walking Tour: Sainte Chapelle and Ile de La Cite • Boat Dinner Cruise: The Essence of Paris Early proposal deadline November 30, 2022 Early registration deadline December 30, 2022 Visit the website: https://informationmediumsociety. com


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Francisco Love Rodrigues
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María Soledad Cobian
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Tina Dianna Forbes-Rasmussen
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Nelson Josepth Batallas Avila
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María Nicole Terán D`Arlach
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Djomou Flavien Xavier
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Julienne Uwera
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Deuzoumbe Daniel Passalet
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Franklin Arturo Fernández Jímenez
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Omar Franklin Placido Lara
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Medina Obando Lerry Abik
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Cecilia Alexandra Escobar Medina
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Jorge Luis Hermosa Intriago
Bachelor of Systems Engineering
Systems Engineering
Lungile Baphetsile Ngcamphalala
Doctor of Education
Abatneh Mnuye Enyew
Master of Management
Project Management
Ethiop ia
Goa Kussa Dana
Doctor of Philosop hy
Conflict Resolution And Peace Building
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Peter Kusi
Doctor of Accounting
Christopher Roger Williams
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration and Management
Mery Del Carmen Burgos Ramos
Doctor of Science
Paul Andrew Williams
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International Relations
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Bachelor of Arts
Design and Interior Decoration
Tomasella Davide
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Trisel Delasalee Sterling
Bachelor of Architecture
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Mathematics Education
Hussein Salesa Uran
Bachelor of Communications
Apollo Nyang'ayo Oluoch
Doctor of Conflict Management
Conflict and Peace keeping
Alain Ilunga Ngoy
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Sami J. El-Azar
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Criminal Legal Sciences
Leba non
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Bachelor of Science
Joseph Anand
Doctor of Science
Zoumana Coulibaly
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Miriam Amine Antoun Helue
Bachelor of Tourism
Holistic Evolutionary Tourism
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Doctor of Marketing
Julio Joao Amigo Nacussa
Master of Science
Civil Engineering
Adekemi Ayoola Adebamiji
Master of Science
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Ekwere Solomon David
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Samuel Sunday Mkpokporo
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Subsea Engineering
Sylvanus Ogbor
Doctor of Management
Leadership and Change Management
Iniobong Edith Abiola-Awe
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Kaspa Oche Abah
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Michael Akintayo Adaralewa
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Khalid Yusuf Ahmed
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Oluwatoyin Olatunbosun-Ajala
Master of Management
Facility Management
Olatona Temitope Olaniyi
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Doctor of Science
Quality Engineering Management
Edgar Milciades Aparicio Rojas
Doctor of Public Administration
Public Management
Lourdes Jacqueline Mojica
Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration
Abdiel J. De Gracia Bonilla
Bachelor of Science
Industrial Engineering
Leonarda Ayarza Romero
Doctor of Arts
Arts and Humanities
Brenda J. Hernández-Rivera
Doctor of Public Health
Puerto Rico
Idalia Díaz Colón
Doctor of Science
Library & Information Science
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Doctor of Organizational Develop ment
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Puerto Rico
Mohammed Yahyaa Almathami
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Bachelor of Accounting
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Thebe Forster Malatji
Master of Science
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Doctor of Philosop hy
Nutrition Science
Sri Lanka
Cynthia Castiglioni-Barreto
Doctor of Philosop hy
Social Communications and Sociology
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Master of Education
Trinidad and Toba go
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Bachelor of Science
Civil Engineering
Nokrach Wilson William
Doctor of Education
Ghiath Alhaj Hasan
Bachelor of Science
Electromechanical Engineering
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Mohamad Ayach
Doctor of Philosop hy
Sustainable Parametricism Architecture
United Kingdom
Milaine Catherine Gradel
Doctor of Health Science
Mental Health
United Kingdom
Tinubu Muhammad S. A
Bachelor of Business Administration
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Master of Business Economics
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James Gee
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Martha Onyiego Wamukoya
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Health Sciences and Public Health
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Master of Psychology
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Find More Graduates

This month we have graduates from: Angola · Argentina · Bahamas · Belgium · Bolivia · Canada · Chad · Chile · Congo (DRC) · Denmark · Dominican Republic · Ecuador · Eswatini · Ethiopia · Ghana · Grenada · Guatemala · Guyana · Haiti · Honduras · Italy · Jamaica · Kenya · Kinshasa · Lebanon · Macau · Malaysia · Mali · Mexico · Mozambique · Nigeria · Panama · Peru · Puerto Rico · Saudi Arabia · Sierra Leone · Singapore · South Africa · Sri Lanka · Switzerland · Trinidad and Tobago · Türkiye · Uganda · United Arab Emirates · United Kingdom · USA · Zimbabwe



Sulayman Darboe
Bachelor of Psychology
August 4, 2022

“I am pleased to write this letter to share the experience I have at Atlantic International University. Studying at AIU was the most excellent decision I have ever made in my life. Being a student at AIU wasn’t just about obtaining a degree but a life experience that nurtured me and help me to develop a sense of discipline, improved knowledge , attitude, responsibilities, critical thinking skills and innovative ideas in psychology and other disciplines. I also gained the spirit of patience, concern, thoughts an belief in whatever I do as a degree student. The response and interaction from my Tutor, Academic Advisor and Admission Counsellor was excellent. I felt a great degree of educational and friendly environment. The administrative staff and student services department gave me a great support an assistance over time that led to the completion of my program. Due it was not easy to pay for my fees on time but I am grateful for the support from the University on their encouragement all this while. I have served as a classroom teacher and guidance and counsellor to the student body of Nioro-Jattaba Sankandi Upper and Senior Secondary School before enrolled at Atlantic International University for my bachelor’s degree program. The AIU expose me to an amazing educational experience which gave me the chance to achieved my goal in the field of Psychology. In addition, I have learned and improved on self-research and how to work on psychological research documents. I think this experience ... READ FULL TEXT: emID=1885&rcid=73&pcid=63&cid=73

Femi Owolabi
Bachelor of Business Administration
August 9, 2022

“My experience with Atlantic International University (AIU) was inspiring and greatly rewarding. The approach to studying at AIU is so unique, I was able to study at my own pace which enabled me to still have time for my job. The faculty and staff of the University were so supportive and readily available to render assistance whenever the need arose during my program. The availability of the online library that has enormous e-books, journals, papers, and research materials also made the program interesting ... READ FULL TEXT: emID=1887&rcid=73&pcid=63&cid=73

Nathan Kashimu Changwe
Bachelor of Business Administration -
August 16, 2022

“My experience at Atlantic International University (AIU) thus far has been amazing. AIU is a very welcoming place, and from the very first day I was admitted, I felt at home. The academic advisors, tutors and AIU staff at large are very dedicated to their work and readily available to render help whenever required. They helped me to choose a major based on what I loved; accounting and supply chain management, and that was all I needed to hear. I really benefited from the excellent teaching guide provided online, a strong academic support framework and student resources which responds effectively to the range of individual circumstances, experience, interests and expectations. I have learned, experienced and discovered so many new things, and time has gone by so fast. Of course, I felt stressful and at some point I struggled to cover my costs and endured many periods of self-doubt. Working full time coupled with studies wasn’t easy. It took a lot of effort, concentration and focus. Despite that, I was empowered to take advantage of the ... READ FULL TEXT: emID=1889&rcid=73&pcid=63&cid=73

Michael Tracey
Bachelor of Logistics and Supply Chain Management
August 18, 2022

“Growing up, going to school was just part of life. primary school, elementary school, and finally high school. My parents committed and took all the required steps to make sure I got the resources to help me with my schooling. During those educational years, I had accustomed myself to the education system’s continued lack of appreciation for its significance and just saw it as a task that had to be finished. After graduating from high school and receiving my diploma, I continued my education in college. Even at this point, I still did not understand the value of education, so I continued to try to establish a social life by starting to hang out with friends and eventually gave up on my college studies after one year. My parents were disappointed, but since I was of legal age to make such decisions, I dropped out of college and entered the workforce without even considering how much I would come to regret that choice in the future. I had never worked for myself before, but I like it since it gave me the ... READ FULL TEXT: emID=1891&rcid=73&pcid=63&cid=73

Building the necessary pathway

By Dr. Rosa Hilda Lora M. Advisor at AIU |

We are living in a world where we ask ourselves: Why so many conflicts? Why don’t the problems end? What do we have to do? Where is the coexistence? If we live in the world we describe below: Why doesn’t the solution appear? There are items on the market that we couldn’t imagine, trade becomes global and in a matter of minutes, you travel everywhere, we know what is happening anywhere instantly, every day there is talk and talk of more money but peace, coexistence, harmony between people and peoples are further away every day. What happens to us as human beings that coexistence is not possible? What happens to us as human beings that rights are not for everyone? What happens to us as human beings that we can’t take care of the planet that gives us life? The answer is very simple. We need education. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in the analysis presented at the September 2022 Summit in New York, whose document was the product of the work of the International Commission on the Futures of Education, created by the Organization in 2019; tells us: “We are faced with an existential choice: continue down an unsustainable path or radically change course. To continue on the current path is to accept unconscionable inequalities and exploitation, a spiral of multiple forms of violence, the erosion of social cohesion and human freedoms, continued environmental destruction and a dangerous and perhaps catastrophic loss of biodiversity”. UNESCO. 2022. Internation al Commission on the Future of Educ ation . Rei magine ou r fu tures together, a ne w soci al con tract fo r educ ation . p. 7 pf0000381560

This social contract has to be worked on so that we can have life and the rights that every human being should enjoy. We are living the war of money and the war of power. The owners of world wealth want more money and the owners of power, the politicians, want the power to get money; it is not to solve the needs of its governed. Politicians use those who will be their governed to achieve power, but when they achieve it they forget about them and let’s see how we make them pay more taxes and get more benefits. From the above it follows that the education and services they organize will be far from quality; it’s always to stay in power. UNESCO has been holding Summits where governments and individuals are invited to meetings to discuss and find solutions to the social contract that must exist so that life is possible for all. The last Summit was held in parallel to the 77th General Assembly of The United Nations (UN) since UNESCO is an area of the UN. The Summit on Education was held October 16 - 26, 2022. The Commission, whose work was done in 2 years, tells us: “This new social contract must be based on human rights and the principles of non-discrimination: social justice, respect for life, human dignity and cultural diversity”.

UNESCO. 2022. Internation al Commission on the Futures of Educ ation . Rei magine ou r fu tures together, a ne w soci al con tract fo r educ ation . P.III https://unesdoc. It’s a job to which UNESCO invites all those who have power in society: governments, businessmen and society in general to work for the above objective. Life on the planet is not possible under the conditions in which we are living. We see the decomposition of democracies by having holes in their legislation through which those who want democracy, but to use those spaces to do barbarity and media for their benefit, filter. Democracies have legislative spaces that haven’t been worked on in accordance with the advancement of technology and lies are spread by many mass media with the purpose of these groups to obtain all the benefits that are possible for them.

It’s also happening that authoritarian governments enjoy the problems of democracies because in this way they justify the way they treat their governed without any rights. It’s urgent to establish relations of coexistence of human beings among themselves and with the planet. When education is limited, we have the results we are experiencing: with Covid-19, 1.6 billion students around the world were affected by closing schools or not having virtual communication. We only have this planet to live on and it seems, from the behavior of human beings, that this is not the case. The social contract must be for the proper treatment of our only space for life, just as there must be fundamental rights to establish, such as the equality of human beings, regardless of gender. There must be a right to quality education for all at the same time as access to virtual education. “The steps we take (or don’t take) to reduce carbon emissions will determine what happens in the 2030s and 2040s, and will have knock-on effects for hundreds of thousands, or even millions, of years. The scale and speed of the changes we are making to Earth are without historical precedent and very little geological precedent”. UNESCO. 2022. Internation al Commis - sion on the Future of Educ ation .

Rei magine ou r fu tures together, a ne w soci al con tract fo r educ ation . P.30. ark:/48223/pf0000381560 That’s how important the changes we must make are and we are as if nothing happened. The majority does what they want and authoritarianism and populist governments are growing. We are totally unaware: every type of nondemocratic government uses education to stay in power. Science is one, but concepts enter it in the social areas that suit those interests and hide the veracity of the facts. Something very important that UNESCO recommends and recommends is: adult education thus education for all the life. Also develop virtual education. “Adult learning and education perform multiple functions. It helps people to find their way through a series of problems, it increases competencies and a sense of common action, it allows people to take more responsibility for their future, and it also helps adults to understand and criticize paradigms changing and the power relations and take steps towards the formation of a just and sustainable world”. UNESCO. 2022. Internation al Commis - sion on the Future of Educ ation . Rei magine ou r fu tures together, a ne w soci al con tract fo r educ ation . P.121 ark:/48223/pf0000381560 According to UNESCO, adult education is very important because of their lived experiences, a valuable contribution for young people who are starting out in the world of production.

You are at a university, Atlantic International University, (AIU), which offers you an open Curriculum, where you can choose the topics you want and get out of the programming that many governments do to stay in power. Take advantage of the benefit and invite others to enjoy this privilege. We are living in a world where the useful life of products is short in order to generate greater demand and the crazy market of products and products, beyond what is necessary; bring our planet in the conditions in which we are living: there is no respect for renewable and non-renewable resources. 1. Will humanity still forget that there are renewable and nonrenewable resources on our planet? 2. Will we continue without caring about global warming? 3. Will we continue without caring what we have to learn for a lifetime? 4. Will we continue without seeing the others? 5. Will we still be blind in the society of violence? The answers will offer us the world we want. It depends on us.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Organización de la Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura UNESCO. 2022. Comisión Internacional sobre los futuros de la Educación. Reimaginar juntos nuestros futuros, un nuevo contrato social para la educación. Retrieved from:

Technology for a sustainable development

Ernest Pola Foko | PhD Information Systems Management

In a world where the race for economic and technological development of countries and nations is driving the policy choices of decision makers at all levels, research shows that, roughly speaking, since the industrial revolution, a little more than 80 per cent of the growth in per capita income in industrialized countries has been the result of a number of factors, including technology, education, research and leadership. There are, however, various economic theories of the growth of nations, which, even if they do not answer all the questions concerning growth, at least shed some light on the subject.

Technological, organizational, managerial and structural innovation are important variables in the evolution of the production of goods and services, which is the key to economic development. In order to leave nothing to chance in terms of economic and technological development, humanity has understood not only that there is no such thing as fixed development, but that it is a process that is continuous and permanent, in short, it is a dynamic process. The future of humanity therefore depends on this process, which has been called sustainable development.

Therefore, the word “development” alone no longer has the same consonance or the same meaning. For this word to find its meaning, it is now imperative to accompany it with the word “sustainable”. Thus, there is no development if it is not sustainable. So what is sustainable development? What is the relationship between technology and sustainable development? What are the levers on which development can rely to be sustainable? These questions and many others are those that will soon be on the minds of decision makers, researchers in the field of science and technology, and even leaders at all levels of society. According to (Bruntland, 1987) sustainable development is the idea that human societies should live and meet their needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In concrete terms, sustainable development is a way of organizing society in such a way as to enable it to exist in the long term. This implies taking into account both present and future imperatives, such as the preservation of the environment and natural resources or social and economic equity. This definition does not show the influence of technology in the process, but it is of such crucial importance that nowadays, it is necessary to bring it closer to understand the relations that have been woven over time between the followers of technology and the initiators of sustainable development. The principle of sustainable development was born from the “techno-pessimistic” currents of thought. The tone of the discussion was set in an authoritative manner by the Club of Rome and the Meadows Report (Stop Growth) of 1972, which opposed ecological and economic imperatives and supported the thesis of an inevitable decline. This “techno-pessimistic” current supports the idea that the finiteness of natural resources implies a degrowth and a climate change, accompanying in its wake the degradation of biodiversity and the exhaustion of natural resources. However, the concept of sustainable development proposes a contradictory “techno-optimistic” response to the ecological crisis. In 1987, the Brundtland Report, entitled “Our Common Future”, commissioned by the UN for the Earth Summit, defined sustainable development as “a mode of development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”.

This vision, widely accepted today, confirms the institutionalization by the international community of the consideration of environmental concerns. It explicitly highlights the role of technical progress and new technologies in leading humanity towards sustainable development. In this logic, the massive development of new technologies would be able to meet the needs of present and future generations. The dissemination of the concept of sustainable development therefore promotes the development of new technologies favorable to the environment. It is the one that challenges us today as human beings driven by a desire for technological development. It leads us to put technology at the service not only of the environment, but also of the economy and of the rational and intelligent management of our resources, which in reality are not infinite. This principle can be observed today in a number of fields, among others: 1. In the field of energy production We can notice today with a lot of satisfaction that new technologies of energy production gain more and more ground. We can thus quote, Solar Energy, Hydraulic Energy, Wind Turbines. In a much more notorious way, researches are in progress in the field of Marine Energy (Wave Energy, Tidal Energy). This is how they are classified in the so-called green energy sources. 2. In the automotive field Since 1993, a European standard has been established concerning the regulation of polluting emissions from vehicles. Since this date, each car that manufacturers put on the road must meet these obligations, and it is therefore since this period that catalytic converters are mandatory on gasoline vehicles. The introduction of this requirement is a European directive regulating vehicle emissions and is a technical response to a political and environmental problem that had already led to the adoption of draconian standards in the United States, particularly in the State of California (Clean Air Act of 1972). The decision to make it compulsory, as of January 1993, especially on gasoline engines of new vehicles, which produce gaseous pollutants such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxide (NOx) and hydrocarbons (HC), requires the installation of a catalytic converter (or catalyst) aimed at eliminating, selecting or reprocessing harmful emissions from the exhaust gases. These catalysts (the first of which were developed in 1974 by the American company General Motors) cause a triple action, hence their name of three-way catalysts: transformation of CO into CO2, NOx into N2 (nitrogen) and CO2, and unburned hydrocarbons into CO2 and H2O (water). In 1997, the catalytic converter became mandatory on diesel engines.

From day to day in several countries within the European Union, this regulation is getting tougher. It is in favor of this hardening that in case of technical control, the rate of CO-CO2 must obligatorily be less or equal to an index of 0,5 otherwise it is the refusal. Moreover, in case of control by the forces of order, if you do not respect the standards, the fine can amount to 7,500 €. In the same framework, since July 1, 2019 in France and, according to (https://www.legifrance.gouv. fr/jorf/id/JORFTEXT000037838927) the anti-pollution test carried out during the technical control is reinforced on vehicles running on diesel. During this control, the amount of particles emitted by the exhaust is compared to that indicated by the manufacturer. If the homologation values are exceeded, the vehicle is subject to a second inspection within two months. To crown this rigor, Article L. 318-3 of the Highway Code states that “the fact of carrying out transformations on a vehicle which have the effect of removing a pollution control device or degrading its performance” is punishable by a fine of 7,500 €. With these laws that are constantly getting tougher, and with the commitment of politicians in the environmental field, technology has once again come to the rescue of mankind, especially with the electric car, which produces no CO2, no NOx, no HC. With it, we just need to be reassured that the batteries are sufficiently charged, and then, the rest is history.

3. Composite materials make their entry into the field of aviation In the field of aeronautics, the majority use of carbon fiber to the detriment of traditional metal alloys, has for some time made a remarkable entry into the field of aviation, at least civil. Composite materials have become the Achilles’ heel of new generation aircraft such as the Boeing B787, also known as the Dreamliner, which incorporates 50% composite materials, compared to only 12% for its predecessor (Boeing B777). The Dreamliner’s construction process is completely new: this plane is built from composites (plastic-reinforced carbon fiber), rather than aluminum. This means that it is stronger, lighter and faster to build (in theory). Carbon fiber allows us to use 1,500 fewer sheets of aluminum on a fuselage section, to reduce the number of rivets by 80%, and to limit the number of holes drilled in the fuselage to 10,000, compared to one million for the B747. The composite should also allow a 30% saving in maintenance costs, by eliminating the problems of oxidation. It requires 3,000 hours of work for complete maintenance, whereas the B777 required 40,000 hours. Its CO2 production is reduced by 35%, and the noise produced is reduced by almost 40%. We can see that the advantages of carbon fiber are numerous for both airlines and nature.

4. In the computer field Consumerism in the electronic and computer field is at the same time the origin and the support of the current technological boom. However, if we look closely, we could clearly agree with the “techno-pessimists”. And for good reason, a few factual elements such as, for example, the latest Apple IPhone X which will generate nearly 79 kg of CO2 during its life, or these 45 million tons of electronic waste per year, of which only 20% are recycled. This shows the impact of our cell phones, computers, printers and other electronic gadgets on the environment. According to ADEME, the manufacture of a single computer requires 436 kg of fossil fuel, 1.8 tons of materials, 22 kg of chemicals and 1500 liters of water. Moreover, computers are full of toxic substances (dioxins, cadmium, lead) which we do not know what to do with at the end of their life cycle. At this level, the composite is still invited to the discussion, and for several years now, the manufacturers of peripherals have integrated the use of composite materials in their manufacturing process. The Web also has an impact on the environment which is estimated, per person and over a year, at more than 200kg of greenhouse gas emissions. It also uses a very important water resource, nearly 3000 liters of water per year. (The manufacture of equipment, the production of electricity and the cooling of data centers all require water). In short, all the actions that can be carried out via the Internet have a certain impact on the environment. Still according to ADEME, sending an email would emit up to 19 grams of CO2. To rub salt in the wound, the Agency points out that the manufacture of computer equipment is among the main sources of environmental impact with 29% of energy consumption, 54% of greenhouse gas emissions, 61% of water use and 97% of resource depletion. The users’ work environment (computers, screens, external peripherals) and IT services (premises, means of transport and equipment for the people in charge of running the information system) account for between 44% and 66% of the impacts. And contrary to popular belief, the energy consumption of data centers is not the main source of impact. Greenpeace goes even further by declaring: “The pollution generated by the Internet is such that if the Internet were a country, it would be the 6th largest consumer of energy in the world”. End of quote. Faced with all this accusation, the adoption of the cloud, although it would not solve everything, would solve a good part of these problems of resource depletion and ecological risks. This would be achieved through strict regulation of data center creation. If, for example, rules are put in place encouraging several companies to build their common data centers, thus avoiding that each company has its own data center.

REFERENCES. Bauer, E. (2016). Lean Computing for the Cloud (1st ed.). Wiley. Retrieved from (Original work published 2016) • How broadband infrastructure impacts greenhouse gas emissions: A chile case study. World Bank Blogs. (n.d.). Retrieved November 7, 2022, from infrastructure-impacts-greenhouse-gas-emissions-chile-case-study • Insights. Climate Impact Partners. (n.d.). Retrieved November 7, 2022, from https://www.climateimpact. com/news-insights/insights/infographic-carbon-footprint-internet/ • Influence of Ultrasonic Assistance on Delamination During Machining of Different Composite Materials • DOI: 10.2507/28th.daaam.proceedings.055 (2018). (doc) (p. 5). https:// accessed October 30, 2022 • accessed 30, October 2022 • accessed 18, September 2022 • https://tinyurl. com/2nsfwkuz accessed 18, September 2022 • Credit Image: Composites_in_the_Aircraft_Industry/fr • accessed 16, September 2022 • accessed 28, September 2022



Soft skill that predicts kids’ success more than IQ.

Kids who have perseverance don’t give up in the face of setbacks. They believe their efforts will pay off, so they stay motivated to work hard and finish what they start, despite any barriers that arise. Here are nine ways parents can help kids build perseverance: 1. Fight the factors that discourage kids. Fatigue, anxiety, identity solely based on fast achievements, and learning expectations that don’t match abilities. 2. Teach that mistakes are growth opportunities. 3. “Chunk” tasks. Teaching your kids to divide big tasks into smaller, more manageable chunks will help them feel more confident about completing things over time. 4. Celebrate small wins. The smallest success can encourage a child to keep going. Help them identify their little wins. 5. Stretch their focus. Put a timer on their desk and set it for an appropriate length of time, tailored to their attention span. 6. Correct “stumblers.” Start by acknowledging their frustration and express that it’s a normal feeling. 7. Praise effort. Carol Dweck discovered that when kids are praised for their intelligence (“You’re so smart!”), they are less likely to persevere. 8. Come up with “stick-to-it” statements. Negative self-talk like “I can’t do it” or “I’m not smart enough” derails perseverance. 9. Step back and let them figure it out. ... Read full text:


The many lessons they can teach settled society.

For all the struggles between nomadic and sedentary populations, Anthony Sattin and many scholars point out that there’s more to the story than mutual antagonism. Not only did nomads play an important role historically in spreading goods and ideas, but they offer a similar sense of renewal today, as nations grapple with border conflicts and refugee crises. “Nomads have, as long as we know, represented a threat and a source of wonder to settled populations,” writes Norwegian anthropologist Ada Ingrid Engebrigtsen. ... According to human rights scholar Jérémie Gilbert, nomads can be categorized into three types. Pastoral nomads travel with herds of animals like cattle, moving in search of pasture. Nomadic hunter-gatherers travel in search of food sources. Finally, peripatetic service nomads are those who travel between settlements to ply a specific trade. For many nomadic people, the freedom of movement itself is a defining feature of their identity. ... Sattin points to one example of nomadic-supported cultural flow in his book, Nomads. Cobalt ore was mined in Persia starting in the tenth centuries, with dried cobalt oxide being used to glaze pottery. Chinese markets imported the “Muhammadan blue” color to draw designs on white porcelain. The Persians copied the Chinese designs and centuries later, they would inspire Dutch potters to create Delft ware, then British artists to make ... Read full text:

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Covid patients

coming off ventilators can take weeks to regain consciousness.

In March 2020, New York City’s hospitals filled up with patients desperately ill with Covid-19. In many cases, when their fluid-filled lungs could no longer give them oxygen, doctors sedated them and put them on ventilators. The patients who recovered were taken off the machines and anesthesia. Within a day or so, their doctors expected them to wake up. But that’s when the phone of Dr. Nicholas Schiff, a neurologist at Weill Cornell Medicine, started lighting up. “We’re starting to get all these weird consults,” Dr. Schiff recalled. “People have been liberated from anesthesia after surviving Covid, and they’re not waking up.” ... Dr. Schiff and his colleagues have been trying to make sense of this strange phenomenon ever since. He just published a paper that proposes an answer, which involves turtles. The brains of unconscious Covid patients bear a striking resemblance to those of turtles that spend the winter encased in ice, argued Dr. Schiff and Dr. Emery Brown, a computational neuroscientist at M.I.T. The turtles survive by putting their neurons into an unusual quiet state that lasts for months. They believe that the combination of Covid and sedatives prompts a similar response in people. If the theory holds up, it might point to new ways to save people from brain damage: by intentionally putting people into this state, rather than doing so by accident. ... Read full text:
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Spatial Biology

The next revolution in understanding health and disease

The conventional tools used by biologists to study the transcriptomes of different cell types were originally limited to immunohistochemistry or in situ hybridization —i.e., labeling RNA, DNA or proteins using one or two different colors— making it possible to distinguish between one or two types of cell. With the advent of powerful single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNAseq) technology, biologists were soon investigating every cell within a tissue in unprecedented detail. Now, by combining these single-cell analysis tools with imaging and microfluidics, spatial biology is adding a new layer of information and is set to transform biomedical science. Spatial biology uses any technology that detects the location and biological quantity of cellular contents. This could include the transcriptome, the epigenome or anything you can measure with fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) technologies or next-generation sequencing (NGS), but for it to be spatial biology, the location has to be involved. About five years ago, spatial transcriptomics technologies began to be developed that make it possible to look into each and every cell type in detail. This provided context about where these cells are sitting in the tissue — how close they are, how this proximity changes during disease progression and how their interactions change when treatments work, versus when they fail. ... Read full text

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Kiliii Yüyan

Eliza Scidmore Award recipient

Kiliii Yüyan is an award-winning photographer whose work has taken us to some of the world’s harshest environments, contributed to the discussion around stewardship, uplifted Indigenous perspectives, and illuminated the importance of human connection to the land and sea. To recognize this incredible portfolio of work, Kiliii Yüyan has received the National Geographic Society’s 2023 Eliza Scidmore Award for Outstanding Storytelling. This award — named for the writer and photographer Eliza Scidmore, the first woman elected to the Society’s Board of Trustees in 1892— recognizes individuals who use immersive storytelling to make complex ideas, issues, and information relevant and accessible. Raised by parents who sought refuge in the U.S., and informed by his ancestry that is both Nanai/Hèzhé (East Asian Indigenous) and Chinese-American, Yüyan’s work explores the human relationship to the natural world from different cultural perspectives. He said: “Trying to understand my ancestry led me on a lifelong dive into Indigenous perspectives and ultimately guided me into storytelling.” Whether he’s camping on arctic sea ice with polar bears, sharing a meal of piranhas with the Cofan in the Amazon rainforest, or participating in cultural burns with the Yurok community in California, one thing is sure: Yüyan demonstrates what it takes to create a truly immersive storytelling experience. ... Read full text:

First Blizzard, Standing Rock

Collector’s LE Print (

Stoic horses weather the first snowfall of North Dakota's coming winter. Local law enforcement had been expecting the cold weather to scatter the thousands gathered at Standing Rock. Don Cuny retorts, "They will leave long before we do —this is our land and winter is in our blood." And it was true. I made several trips to Standing Rock, and each time there were more people gathered in solidarity. Read full text

Precision hip system

Loughborough University spotlights six student design projects. Here is one of them.

Student: Thomas James Brew Course: MSc Integrated Industrial Design This design presents a positioning system that aids with accurate placement of the femoral implant to significantly reduce leg length discrepancies in patients after undergoing hip replacement surgeries. There is a current lack of instruments and techniques available to surgeons for finding the correct position for the femoral implant during surgery, and as a result, leg length discrepancies are one of the most common complications following a hip replacement. To prevent these discrepancies, the Precision Hip System uses 3D printed patient-specific surgical guides as well as a leg length calliper for checking measurements throughout the operation.” Read full text: Read full text:

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Household mold

It is everywhere –and its threat is on the rise.

While the potential threat of mold to human health is nothing new, it’s apparent that it could be even more dangerous in the coming years as a result of climate change and growing instability in the world’s energy markets. Mold is a structure that some fungi can grow, often taking on a dark fuzzylike appearance with a musty odor. It thrives in places where there’s a lot of moisture, such as leaky roofs, windows, water pipes, flooded areas, and damp rooms like bathrooms. If the corner of a room has a flurry of dark splodges over it, there’s a good chance this is mold. The problem arises from the spores they emit. To reproduce and disperse, mold pumps out microscopic airborne spores into the surrounding space. For most people, exposure to these spores can lead to symptoms such as stuffy nose, wheezing, and itchy eyes; annoying, but nothing too serious. However, exposure to mold can prove more serious for people with asthma, respiratory conditions, weak immune systems, or specific allergies. Some of the health impacts come from inflammatory responses to mold spores, which the body recognizes as foreign bodies. To make matters worse, some molds also produce mycotoxins that can be harmful or lethal to humans when exposure is high enough. ... Read full text:

Anxiety children and adolescents

Children can feel anxious about different things at different ages. Many of these worries are a natural part of growing up. From the age of around 6 months to 3 years it’s very common for young children to have separation anxiety. It’s also common for preschool-age children to develop specific fears or phobias, including animals, insects, storms, heights, water, blood and the dark. These fears usually go away gradually on their own. Many children feel anxious when going to a new school or before exams. Some children feel shy in social situations. If your child does not outgrow common fears and worries, or if it starts interfering with school, home or play, it may mean they need support from a mental health professional. ... Here are some common signs and symptoms: Physical: Shortness of breath, headaches or feeling faint • A racing heart and sometimes high blood pressure • Feeling fidgety, trembling or feeling weak in the legs • Feeling sick in your stomach —cramps, diarrhoea or frequent visits to the bathroom • Having trouble sleeping or a reduced appetite; Dry mouth, excessive sweating or feeling hot. Emotional and mental: Struggling to focus on things —lack of concentration • Feeling panicky, nervous or on edge • Feeling overwhelmed or a sense of dread • Feeling out of control in a situation • Feeling tired and grumpy. ... Read full text and find out ways to help your child cope: Read full text:

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Arctic mine expansion

Canada rejects project after years of fierce protest.

Baffinland Iron Mines’ planned expansion to its Mary River site would have seen it double output to 12m tonnes of iron ore. To bring the ore to market, the mine also said it needed to build a 110km railway to a port near the community of Pond Inlet as well as doubling its shipping. The company —the biggest private-sector employer in Nunavut territory with nearly 2,600 workers— has said the expansion is critical to remaining profitable. Recently, after repeated delays, Canada’s northern affairs minister, Dan Vandal, rejected the company’s application, citing fears from Inuit groups that the expansion could have devastating effects on marine mammals, including key populations of narwhal. The region is home to the densest narwhal population in the world —an important food source for Inuit communities. That decision comes six months after the Nunavut Impact Review Board came out against the expansion. The board held in-person meetings in Pond Inlet, the community closest to the mine, as well as in the territorial capital of Iqaluit. After hearing from community members and the mine, it concluded the project could result in “significant adverse eco-systemic effects on marine mammals and fish, caribou and other terrestrial wildlife, along with vegetation and freshwater” as well as “significant adverse socio-economic effects on Inuit harvesting, culture, land use ...
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The most toxic place in the USA

The Hanford Reservation and the Manhattan Project.

David Feldman: Joshua Frank is an investigative journalist and he is also an author. His latest book is Atomic Days: The Untold Story of the Most Toxic Place in America. ... How large is Hanford Reservation and how did it become a federal entity? Joshua Frank: It is a huge land mass that’s in eastern Washington. The location was basically picked because of its remoteness during the Manhattan Project. It’s along the Columbia River. In order to have nuclear power, you have to have access to clean, ample water. So they had a lot of water, and constant electricity because of the dams. But it was also out of sight, out of mind. It was easy to have this big covert operation happening out there. And of course, the Indigenous population and others, typically poor farmers, were easy to remove from the landscape so that they could erect this atomic beast that ended up churning out plutonium for decades. [The Manhattan Project] was a covert military operation. ... Hanford was the site that was chosen to produce plutonium, which became the fuel for the bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki, and then, over the course of four more decades, was churning out virtually all of the radioactive fuel for our nuclear arsenal in this country. And now we’re dealing with the aftermath of that. ... Ralph Nader: The Hanford Reservation now is soaked with radioactive waste. Some of the gigantic tanks are leaking and they’re perilously close to the Columbia River. ... Read full text:

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Psychiatric conditions

...hospitalize almost one in three autistic women by age 25.

About 32% of autistic women are hospitalized for a psychiatric condition by age 25, a fraction six times higher than for women without autism and nearly twice that of autistic men. “That is quite a shocking number,” says Miriam Martini, a graduate student in medical epidemiology and biostatistics who works in Mark Taylor’s group at the Karolinska Institutet in Solna, Sweden. ... A 2021 study, which used a Danish health registry, analyzed data on cooccurring conditions for about 16,000 autistic people up to age 16. The new study appears to be the first national registry-based effort to do the same for women up to age 25, thus capturing a critical time point in young adulthood, when many mental health disorders are first diagnosed. Data for the study came from about 1.3 million people born in Sweden between 1985 and 1997, nearly 21,000 of whom have autism and about 7,100 of whom are women. The researchers pooled together multiple databases to track 11 different psychiatric diagnoses, from anxiety and depression to sleep disorders and self-harm. By age 25, 77% of autistic women and about 62% of autistic men had been diagnosed with a psychiatric condition, according to Martini. Among non-autistic women and men, these values fall to about 14%t and 9%, respectively. ... The findings are dire; they suggest a critical need for expanded mental health services, Martini says, especially for women with autism. ...
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All-terrain wheelchairs

arrive at U.S. parks: ‘This is life-changing.’

Cory Lee has visited 40 countries on seven continents, and yet the Georgia native has never explored Cloudland Canyon State Park, about 20 minutes from his home. His wheelchair was tough enough for the trip to Antarctica but not for the rugged terrain in his backyard. Lee’s circumstances changed when Georgia’s Department of Natural Resources and the Aimee Copeland Foundation unveiled a fleet of all-terrain power wheelchairs for rent at 11 state parks and outdoorsy destinations, including Cloudland Canyon. The Action Trackchair models are equipped with tank-like tracks capable of traversing rocks, roots, streams and sand; clearing fallen trees; plowing through tall grass; and tackling uphill climbs. ... Georgia is one of the latest states to provide the Land Rover of wheelchairs to outdoor enthusiasts with mobility issues. In 2017, Colorado Parks and Wildlife launched its Staunton State Park Track-Chair Program, which provides free adaptive equipment, though guests must pay the $10 entrance fee. Michigan’s Department of Natural Resources has placed off-road track chairs in nearly a dozen parks, including Muskegon State Park. In 2018, Lee reserved a chair at the park that boasts three miles of shoreline on Lake Michigan and Muskegon Lake. “It allowed me to have so much independence on the sand,” he said. In 2019, Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore in Michigan became the first national park to offer a track chair, said superintendent Scott Tucker. ...
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‘El Jefe’

Famed Arizona jaguar feared dead, spotted in Mexico.

El Jefe —“the boss” in Spanish—, a jaguar last seen in Arizona nearly seven years ago, was spotted in the Mexican state of Sonora last year, researchers confirmed recently, reviving hopes that the species can thwart the border wall that bisects its natural habitat. El Jefe was seen in photos captured in November by a Mexican nonprofit organization, Profauna, which uses more than 150 motion-sensor cameras to track wildlife. With such a large volume of photos, it took researchers until this summer to make the discovery. The researchers cross-checked the images with previous photos of El Jefe using photo-analyzing software and found a 100 percent match, identifying the feline by his unique markings. At first, “I was skeptical,” said Carmina Gutiérrez-González, a research coordinator for the Northern Jaguar Project. “But after making a detailed visual revision, skepticism gave way to surprise and then excitement,” she said in a statement, adding that “there is no doubt this is the same animal photographed in Arizona that many feared could have died when he stopped showing up in trail cameras almost seven years ago.” El Jefe became famous after he was first photographed in 2011 in the mountains near Tucson, one of the few jaguars to be seen on the northern side of the border since the species was “all but extirpated” from the Southwest more than a half-century ago, the Wildlands Network ...
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Mayan Milpa

Receives recognition as an agricultural heritage site.

The Mayan milpa received global recognition from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for the complexity of this model, which includes the combined cultivation of beans, squash and, mainly, corn, the basis of the regional diet since ancestral times. The designation is the result of the work of the producers, which has transcended for more than 3,000 years as an integral part of the identity of the area; it is characterized by its resilience to climate changes and modernity, long life, and contributions to the conservation of both the culture and biodiversity of the Peninsula. ... The milpa is a traditional agroforestry system, formed by a polyculture, which forms a vital spatial dynamics of genetic resources; it is characterized by its knowledge, cultural adaptations, and diverse strategy, based on planting a wide variety of plants (corn, beans, squash, and others) and carrying out multiple economic activities. Since its origin, it has been applied in plots, under the slash and burn technology; it is customary to have years of production and others of rest between harvests, which leads to achieving fertility, reducing the destruction of weeds, and controlling harmful pests. Productive diversity from the community forest is fundamental: vegetable gardens, livestock, handicraft activities, firewood collection, lime and charcoal production, wood for houses, medicinal plants, hunting, beekeeping ...
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What Is Greenwashing?


What is Greenwashing? Greenwashing is the practice of using media campaigns, PR spin, and distraction to deceive the public into believing an organization’s products, aims, and policies are more environmentally friendly than they actually are. It’s an accusation that can be thrown at anyone and anything pushing any ecofriendly message, but it’s most used to describe the actions of large corporations and governments. It’s thought the term was first coined in an essay written in 1986 by environmentalist Jay Westerveld. He was staying in a hotel that had one of those cards that says something along the lines of “Help save the planet” followed by an explanation of how much water and electricity is used to wash visitors’ laundry. The card went on to say, if you want to save the planet and not wash your towel then leave it on the rack, otherwise dump it on the floor. After a quick stay in the hotel, Westerveld realized that this wasn’t about protecting the environment at all, but saving the corporation money by not washing as many linens. From Governments to fast food giants, greenwashing is everywhere One of the most blatant attempts at greenwashing in recent history was the Volkswagen emissions scandal. Around September 2015, it was revealed that some models of Volkswagen diesel engine cars being sold in the US had been fitted with a hidden “defeat device” that could detect when they were being tested. Its purpose was to pump out fewer emissions when the car was being tested compared to when it was actually being driven on the road. Meanwhile, Volkswagen ran a huge marketing campaign showing off its cars’ low emissions credentials. Very naughty, indeed. This is a pretty clear evasion of the truth, and Volkswagen was eventually caught and punished for the trickery. However, some other corporate greenwashing campaigns are much subtler.

In 2019, McDonald’s launched a big campaign to shift towards paper straws off the back of the growing public awareness of plastic pollution and the problem it poses for marine life. There’s just one problem: the new paper straws were not recyclable, while their old plastic straws were. “While the materials are recyclable, their current thickness makes it difficult for them to be processed by our waste solution providers, who also help us recycle our paper cups,” said a McDonald’s spokesperson at the time. They added that they were looking into a solution for this problem. Accusations of greenwashing are perhaps most common when discussing things like greenhouse gas emissions and pledges to go “net zero.” Some fossil fuel companies —including the biggest in the US, ExxonMobil— have promised to cut their net greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050, which is almost as ridiculous as it sounds. A number of these oil and gas companies with net-zero pledges are still planning major new drilling developments that would push the world beyond the targets set out by the 2015 Paris agreement. Their promises often sound great but equate to very little in reality. World powers can also be guilty of greenwashing, namely when it comes to their pledges to “go green.” The majority of the world can be accused of greenwashing to some extent, but one easy target is Saudi Arabia, which has pledged to transition to net zero by 2060. However, they have littleto- no plan for how to actually wean themselves off fossil fuels. The country’s economy and energy demands are still heavily reliant on exporting oil and, likewise, the world relies on their supply. As of July 2022, the country’s publicly owned oil company Saudi Aramco —the world’s largest oil producer— pumped out 12 million barrels per day. COP out? The COP27 climate summit in Egypt kicked off on November 6 2022, and accusations of greenwashing were already kicking around before it started.

Speaking in London in the weeks before COP27, environmental activist Greta Thunberg suggested she was pessimistic about the upcoming climate summit, saying it’s an excuse for “people in power” to exercise “greenwashing, lying, and cheating.” Criticism has also been mounting against COP27 because one of the main sponsors is Coca-Cola, the world’s worst corporate plastic polluter. Not exactly a good look for an event that’s designed to clean up the planet’s environmental problems. The sponsorship has angered activists so much that over 200,000 people have signed a petition that calls for COP27 to ditch the drinks manufacturing giant as their sponsor. “Plastic is suffocating our planet and, year after year, one company leads the pack of polluters —Coca-Cola. Coca-Cola spends millions of dollars greenwashing their brand, making us believe that they are solving the problem. But, behind the scenes, they have a long history of lobbying to delay and derail regulations that would prevent pollution, keeping us addicted to disposable plastic,” the petition reads.

Conversely, COP27 is also looking to crack down on the pervasive problem of greenwashing. The United Nations has just put out a report on the “Net-Zero Commitments of Businesses, Financial Institutions, Cities, and Regions.” In essence, it’s an attempt to improve integrity and transparency in net zero commitments. In the view of the report authors, a country or company shouldn’t just say they’re going net zero, they have to prove it. “The problem is that the criteria and benchmarks for these net-zero commitments have varying levels of rigor and loopholes wide enough to drive a diesel truck through,” UN secretary general, António Guterres, said in a statement. “We must have zero tolerance for net-zero greenwashing,” he added. How exactly this will be achieved is yet to be announced, but it’s clear many people are now striving to reign in this omnipresent problem. Read text by Tom Hale: what-is-greenwashing-and-why-should-it-really-annoy-you-66136

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Light therapy lamp.

Delivers a strong bright white light at up to 10,000 lux intensity, while filtering out most of UV rays. Can simulate sunlight-like lighting anywhere in your house. Smooth Dimming: 20%-100% brightness stepless adjustment and memory function.

Choir doll.

Teenage Engineering, the company known for its powerful electronic synthesizers has just revealed a set of eight uniquely handcrafted wooden dolls made to serenade you with a repertoire of choral classics, as well as perform your own original compositions through midi over BLE [Bluetooth Low Energy]. Watch video:


Heating Pad for back & neck with 4 therapeutic heat settings that range from 110-140° F. A built-in LED controller makes adjusting easy to temporarily soothe and reduce muscular back pain and stiffness. Micromink fibers are machine-washable (on delicate cycle).

2023 calendar.

Twelve australian birds made from discarded lino prints and paper the artist Fiona Roderick has painted.

Shirley Anita Chisholm. (1924–2005).

Shirley Anita Chisholm. (1924–2005). American politician who in 1968 became the first black woman elected to the United States Congress.

“Tremendous amounts of talent are being lost to our society just because that talent wears a skirt.”

Say what?

what? “Never follow anyone else’s path. Unless you’re in the woods and you’re lost and you see a path. Then by all means follow that path.” —Ellen DeGeneres

BACHELOR’S DEGREE in Business Administration


The Bachelor of Business Administration (BS, BA) program objective is to provide professionals with the right skill set in a range of key business disciplines with specific emphasis on management skills by blending conceptual theoretical framework with practical applications and covering basic discipline material through to more specialized requirements in the management discipline. The Bachelor of Business Administration (BS, BA) program is offered online via distance learning. After evaluating both academic record and life experience, AIU staff working in conjunction with Faculty and Academic Advisors will assist students in setting up a custom-made program, designed on an individual basis. This flexibility to meet student needs is seldom found in other distance learning programs. Our online program does not require all students to take the same subjects/ courses, use the same books, or learning materials. Instead, the online Bachelor of Business Administration (BS, BA) curriculum is designed individually by the student and academic advisor. It specifically addresses strengths and weaknesses with respect to market opportunities in the student’s major and intended field of work. Understanding that industry and geographic factors should influence the content of the curriculum instead of a standardized one-fits-all design is the hallmark of AIU’s unique approach to adult education. This philosophy addresses the dynamic and constantly changing environment of working professionals by helping adult students in reaching their professional and personal goals within the scope of the degree program.


Below is an example of the topics or areas you may develop and work on during your studies. By no means is it a complete or required list as AIU programs do not follow a standardized curriculum. It is meant solely as a reference point and example. Want to learn more about the curriculum design at AIU? Go ahead and visit our website, especially the Course and Curriculum section:

Orientation Courses:

Communication & Investigation (Comprehensive Resume)
Organization Theory (Portfolio)
Experiential Learning (Autobiography)
Academic Evaluation (Questionnaire)
Fundament of Knowledge (Integration Chart)
Fundamental Principles I (Philosophy of Education)
Professional Evaluation (Self Evaluation Matrix)
Development of Graduate Study (Guarantee of an Academic Degree)

Core Courses and Topics

Principles of Accounting I
Managerial Accounting
Business Planning
International Business
Organizational Behavior
Business Communication
Ethics in Business
Business Law I
Issues in Leadership
Introduction to Computer Science
Electronic Commerce
Intermediate Macroeconomics
Intermediate Microeconomics
Financial Management I
Introduction to Macroeconomics
Introduction to Microeconomics

Personal Requirements

Good communication skills
Able to think clearly and act quickly
Able to stay calm in difficult situations
Technical aptitude

Research Project

Bachelor Thesis Project
MBM300 Thesis Proposal
MBM302 Bachelor Thesis (5,000 words)


Each graduate is encouraged to publish their research papers either online in the public domain or through professional journals and periodicals worldwide.

Contact us to get started

Each graduate is encouraged to publish their research papers either online in the public domain or through professional journals and periodicals worldwide

Pioneer Plaza/900 Fort Street Mall 410
Honolulu, HI 96813
800-993-0066 (Toll Free in US)
808-924-9567 (Internationally)

About Us


Atlantic International University offers distance learning degree programs for adult learners at bachelors, masters, and doctoral level. With self paced program taken online, AIU lifts the obstacles that keep professional adults from completing their educational goals. Programs are available throughout a wide range of majors and areas of study. All of this with a philosophically holistic approach towards education fitting within the balance of your life and acknowledging the key role each individual can play in their community, country, and the world. Atlantic International University is accredited by the Accreditation Service for International Schools, Colleges and Universities (ASIC). ASIC Accreditation is an internationally renowned quality standard for colleges and universities. Visit ASIC’s Directory of Accredited Colleges and Universities. ASIC is a member of CHEA International Quality Group (CIQG) in the USA, an approved accreditation body by the Ministerial Department of the Home Office in the UK, and is listed in the International Directory of the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). The University is based in the United States and was established by corporate charter in 1998.

Our founding principles are based on the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights; per article 26, AIU believes that Higher Education is a Human Right. The University has implemented a paradigm shifting educational model for its academic programs that have allowed it to move closer to this goal through the self-empowerment of its students, decentralization of the learning process, personalized open curriculum design, a sustainable learning model, developing 11 core elements of the Human Condition within MYAIU, and utilizing the quasi-infinite knowledge through the use of information technology combined with our own capacity to find solutions to all types of global issues, dynamic problems, and those of individuals and multidisciplinary teams. Due to these differentiations and the university’s mission, only a reputable accrediting agency with the vision and plasticity to integrate and adapt its processes around AIU’s proven and successful innovative programs could be selected. Unfortunately, the vast majority of accrediting agencies adhere to and follow obsolete processes and requirements that have outlived their usefulness and are in direct conflict with the university’s mission of offering a unique, dynamic, affordable, quality higher education to the nontraditional student (one who must work, study what he really needs for professional advancement, attend family issues, etc.). We believe that adopting outdated requirements and processes would impose increased financial burdens on students while severely limiting their opportunities to earn their degree and advance in all aspects. Thus, in selecting the ASIC as its accrediting agency, AIU ensured that its unique programs would not be transformed into a copy or clone of those offered by the 10,000+ colleges and universities around the world. Since ASIC is an international accrediting agency based outside the United States, we are required by statute HRS446E to place the following disclaimer: ATLANTIC INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY IS NOT ACCREDITED BY AN ACCREDITING AGENCY RECOGNIZED BY THE UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF EDUCATION. Note: In the United States and abroad, many licensing authorities require accredited degrees as the basis for eligibility for licensing.

In some cases, accredited colleges may not accept for transfer courses and degrees completed at unaccredited colleges, and some employers may require an accredited degree as a basis for eligibility for employment. Potential students should consider how the above may affect their interests, AIU respects the unique rules and regulations of each country and does not seek to influence the respective authorities. In the event that a prospective student wishes to carry out any government review or process in regards to his university degree, we recommend that the requirements of such are explored in detail with the relevant authorities by the prospective student as the university does not intervene in such processes. AIU students can be found in over 180 countries, they actively participate and volunteer in their communities as part of their academic program and have allocated thousands of service hours to diverse causes and initiatives. AIU programs follow the standards commonly used by colleges and universities in the United States with regards to the following: academic program structure, degree issued, transcript, and other graduation documents. AIU graduation documents can include an apostille and authentication from the US Department of State to facilitate their use internationally.

The AIU Difference

It is acknowledged that the act of learning is endogenous, (from within), rather than exogenous.

This fact is the underlying rationale for “Distance Learning”, in all of the programs offered by AIU. The combination of the underlying principles of student “self instruction”, (with guidance), collaborative development of curriculum unique to each student, and flexibility of time and place of study, provides the ideal learning environment to satisfy individual needs.

AIU is an institution of experiential learning and nontraditional education at a distance. There are no classrooms and attendance is not required.

Mission & Vision


To be a higher learning institution concerned about generating cultural development alternatives likely to be sustained in order to lead to a more efficient administration of the world village and its environment; exerting human and community rights through diversity with the ultimate goal of the satisfaction and evolution of the world.


The empowerment of the individual towards the convergence of the world through a sustainable educational design based on andragogy and omniology.

Organizational Structure

Dr. Franklin Valcin
President/Academic Dean
Dr. José Mercado
Chief Executive Officer
Chairman of the Board of Trustees
Ricardo González, PhD
Dr. Ricardo Gonzalez
Chief Operation Officer
and MKT Director
Linda Collazo
Logistics Coordinator

AIU Tutors Coordinators:

Deborah Rodriguez
Amiakhor Ejaeta
Amanda Gutierrez
William Mora
Miriam James

Admissions Coordinators:
Amalia Aldrett
Sandra Garcia
Junko Shimizu
Veronica Amuz
Alba Ochoa
Jenis Garcia
Judith Brown
Chris Soto
René Cordón
Dr. Anderas Rissler

Academic Coordinators:
Dr. Adesida Oluwafemi
Dr. Emmanuel Gbagu
Dr. Lucia Gorea
Dr. Edgar Colon
Dr. Mario Rios
Freddy Frejus
Dr. Nilani Ljunggren
De Silva
Dr. Scott Wilson
Dr. Mohammad Shaidul Islam
Dr. Miriam Garibaldi
Vice provost for Research
Carolina Valdes
Human Resource Coordinator
Dr. Ofelia Miller
Director of AIU
Carlos Aponte
Teleco mmunications Coordinator
Clara Margalef
Director of Special Projects
of AIU
David Jung
Corporate/Legal Counsel
Juan Pablo Moreno
Director of Operations
Bruce Kim
Paula Viera
Director of Intelligence Systems
Thomas Kim
Accounting Counsel
Felipe Gomez
Design Director / IT Supervisor
Maricela Esparza
Administrative Coordinator
Kevin Moll
Web Designer
Chris Benjamin
IT and Hosting Support
Daritza Ysla
IT Coordinator
Maria Pastrana
Accounting Coordinator
Daritza Ysla
IT Coordinator
Roberto Aldrett
Communications Coordinator
Nadeem Awan
Chief Programming Officer
Giovanni Castillo
IT Support
Dr. Edward Lambert
Academic Director
Antonella Fonseca
Quality Control & Data Analysis
Dr. Ariadna Romero
Advisor Coordinator
Adrián Varela
Graphic Design
Jhanzaib Awan
Senior Programmer
Vanesa D’Angelo
Content Writer
Leonardo Salas
Human Resource Manager
Jaime Rotlewicz
Dean of Admissions
Benjamin Joseph
IT and Technology Support
Michael Phillips
Registrar’s Office
Rosie Perez
Finance Coordinator


School of Business and Economics

The School of Business and Economics allows aspiring and practicing professionals, managers, and entrepreneurs in the private and public sectors to complete a self paced distance learning degree program of the highest academic standard. The ultimate goal is to empower learners and help them take advantage of the enormous array of resources from the world environment in order to eliminate the current continuum of poverty and limitations. Degree programs are designed for those students whose professional experience has been in business, marketing, administration, economics, finance and management.

Areas of Study:

Accounting, Advertising, Banking, Business Administration, Communications, Ecommerce, Finance, Foreign Affairs, Home Economics, Human Resources, International Business, International Finance, Investing, Globalization, Marketing, Management, Macroeconomics, Microeconomics, Public Administrations, Sustainable Development, Public Relations, Telecommunications, Tourism, Trade.

School of Social and Human Studies

The School of Social and Human Studies is focused on to the development of studies which instill a core commitment to building a society based on social and economic justice and enhancing opportunities for human well being. The founding principles lie on the basic right of education as outlined in the Declaration of Human Rights. We instill in our students a sense of confidence and self reliance in their ability to access the vast opportunities available through information channels, the world wide web, private, public, nonprofit, and nongovernmental organizations in an ever expanding global community. Degree programs are aimed towards those whose professional life has been related to social and human behavior, with the arts, or with cultural studies.

Areas of Study:

Psychology, International Affairs, Sociology, Political Sciences, Architecture, Legal Studies, Public Administration, Literature and languages, Art History, Ministry, African Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, Asian Studies, European Studies, Islamic Studies, Religious Studies.

School of Science and Engineering

The School of Science and Engineering seeks to provide dynamic, integrated, and challenging degree programs designed for those whose experience is in industrial research, scientific production, engineering and the general sciences. Our system for research and education will keep us apace with the twenty-first century reach scientific advance in an environmentally and ecologically responsible manner to allow for the sustainability of the human population. We will foster among our students a demand for ethical behavior, an appreciation for diversity, an understanding of scientific investigation, knowledge of design innovation, a critical appreciation for the importance of technology and technological change for the advancement of humanity.

Areas of Study:

Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Communications, Petroleum Science, Information Technology, Telecommunications, Nutrition Science, Agricultural Science, Computer Science, Sports Science, Renewable Energy, Geology, Urban Planning.

Online Library Resources

With access to a global catalog created and maintained collectively by more than 9,000 participating institutions, AIU students have secured excellent research tools for their study programs.

The AIU online library contains over 2 billion records and over 300 million bibliographic records that are increasing day by day. The sources spanning thousands of years and virtually all forms of human expression. There are files of all kinds, from antique inscribed stones to e-books, form wax engravings to MP3s, DVDs and websites. In addition to the archives, the library AIU Online offers electronic access to more than 149,000 e-books, dozens of databases and more than 13 million full-text articles with pictures included. Being able to access 60 databases and 2393 periodicals with more than 18 million items, guarantees the information required to perform the assigned research project. Users will find that many files are enriched with artistic creations on the covers, indexes, reviews, summaries and other information.

The records usually have information attached from important libraries. The user can quickly assess the relevance of the information and decide if it is the right source.

Education on the 21st century

AIU is striving to regain the significance of the concept of education, which is rooted into the Latin “educare”, meaning “to pull out”, breaking loose from the paradigm of most 21st century universities with their focus on “digging and placing information” into students’ heads rather than teaching them to think. For AIU, the generation of “clones” that some traditional universities are spreading throughout the real world is one of the most salient reasons for today’s ills. In fact, students trained at those educational institutions never feel a desire to “change the world” or the current status quo; instead, they adjust to the environment, believe everything is fine, and are proud of it all.

IN A WORLD where knowledge and mostly information expire just like milk, we must reinvent university as a whole in which each student, as the key player, is UNIQUE within an intertwined environment. This century’s university must generate new knowledge bits although this may entail its separation from both the administrative bureaucracy and the faculty that evolve there as well. AIU thinks that a university should be increasingly integrated into the “real world”, society, the economy, and the holistic human being. As such, it should concentrate on its ultimate goal, which is the student, and get him/her deeply immersed into a daily praxis of paradigm shifts, along with the Internet and research, all these being presently accessible only to a small minority of the world community. AIU students must accomplish their self-learning mission while conceptualizing it as the core of daily life values through the type of experiences that lead to a human being’s progress when information is converted into education. The entire AIU family must think of the university as a setting that values diversity and talent in a way that trains mankind not only for the present but above all for a future that calls everyday for professionals who empower themselves in academic and professional areas highly in demand in our modern society. We shall not forget that, at AIU, students are responsible for discovering their own talents and potential, which they must auto-develop in such a way that the whole finish product opens up as a flower that blossoms every year more openly.

THE AIU STANCE is against the idea of the campus as a getaway from day-to-day pressure since we believe reality is the best potential-enhancer ever; one truly learns through thinking, brainstorming ideas, which leads to new solutions, and ultimately the rebirth of a human being fully integrated in a sustainable world environment. Self-learning is actualized more from within than a top-down vantage point, that is to say, to influence instead of requesting, ideas more than power. We need to create a society where solidarity, culture, life, not political or economic rationalism and more than techno structures, are prioritized. In short, the characteristics of AIU students and alumni remain independence, creativity, self-confidence, and ability to take risk towards new endeavors. This is about people’s worth based not on what they know but on what they do with what they know.

Read more at:

AIU Service

AIU offers educational opportunities in the USA to adults from around the world so that they can use their own potential to manage their personal, global cultural development. The foundational axis of our philosophy lies upon self-actualized knowledge and information, with no room for obsoleteness, which is embedded into a DISTANCE LEARNING SYSTEM based on ANDRAGOGY and OMNIOLOGY. The ultimate goal of this paradigm is to empower learners and help them take advantage of the enormous array of resources from the world environment in order to eliminate the current continuum of poverty and limitations.

This will become a crude reality with respect for, and practice of, human and community rights through experiences, investigations, practicum work, and/ or examinations. Everything takes place in a setting that fosters diversity; with advisors and consultants with doctorate degrees and specializations in Human Development monitor learning processes, in addition to a worldwide web of colleagues and associations, so that they can reach the satisfaction and the progress of humanity with peace and harmony.

Contact us to get started

Now, it’s possible to earn your degree in the comfort of your own home. For additional information or to see if you qualify for admissions please contact us.

Pioneer Plaza / 900 Fort Street Mall 410 Honolulu, HI 96813
800-993-0066 (Toll Free in US)
808-924-9567 (Internationally)

Online application: